Dec
11

Plants described in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata

Plants described in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata

Plant Science in Mahabharata -4
Botany in Epic Age of India – 9
BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –30

By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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There are descriptions of following plants in Viarata Parva of Mahabharata
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Sanskrit Name = name mentioned in Virata Parva of Mahabharata
VP- Virata Parva
S.N. Common Name Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name KP no, Shloka number
1- Bamboo————–Vamsa —–Dendrocalamus sp. —-VP IV ,57; VII 34
There are descriptions of following plants in Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata-
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Sanskrit Name = name mentioned in Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata
UP- Udyoga Parva
S.N. Common Name Sanskrit Name- Botanical Name— UP no, Shloka number
Rohinda , Desert teak, Rohitaka———Tecomella undulata –II

There are descriptions of following plants in Karna Parva of Mahabharata-
Sanskrit Name = name mentioned in Mahabharata
KP= Karna Parva
S.N. Common Name Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name KP no, Shloka number

1-Kair , ——- Karira ————— Capparis decidua ——— VIII 30.24
2-Bada Peelu –Pilu ——————–Salvadona oleoides——–VIII, 30.24
3- Shami- —Shami ———————Porsopis cineraria——–VIII, 30.24

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References

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants in Virata, Udyoga and Karna Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

Dec
11

चबोड्या / चखन्योर्या / ठट्टा लगांद, तून दिँदेर अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोष B – 36

चबोड्या / चखन्योर्या / ठट्टा लगांद, तून दिँदेर अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोष B – 36

(Garhwali Dictionary of Sarcasm )

( गढ़वाली व्यंग्य /ठट्टा लगाते , ताना मारते शब्द -शब्दकोश , व्यंग्यकोश )
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अनुवाद अर संकलन – भीष्म कुकरेती

Habit,आदत = दुसर पर भगार लगाणो गुण जु हरेक म हूंद
उदाहरण – नरेंद्र मोदी जी जै काम पूर नि कर सकदन तो नेहरू पर दोष लगै दींदन ;
सोनिया गांधी जी आरएसएस पर दोष लगांदन बल यिं संस्था का श्राप से ही राहुल जन पुत्र हूंदन
Habitable – रहने लायक = शहर मध्य मकानों का विरोधी शब्द
Habitat, आवास = जानवरों जेल तै बुलणो सभ्य तरीका
Hacks, वेतन भोगी = अधिकतर लेखक
Hailstone, ओले /ढांड = प्रकृति श्राप जां से फसल खरान हूंद
Hairdresser, नाई = जु शरद पवार कि बात उद्धव ठाकरे तक पौंछाद
Half dead.अर्ध मृत – सुबेर सुबेर हमर सरैल
Half Hearted अदा दिल से = जैं भावना से नौकरी इंटरव्यू दिये जांद
Half Pay, अदा तनख्वा = असल म जै लाइक तुम छा
Half Witted , कम अकक्ल = जु हमर रिटायरमेंट प्लान बणांदन
Half Time- मध्यांतर – जु अच्काल संसद या विधान सभाओं म कबि बि हूणु रौंद

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अनुवाद copyright – भीष्म कुकरेती

पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य, जोक्स ; हास्य ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य, जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य, जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; देहरादून गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; Garhwali Satire, Humor, Jokes from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Satire, Sarcasm , Jokes from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Sarcasm , Sarcastic Jokes from Uttarkashi Garhwal ; Garhwali Jokes from Haridwar, Uttarakhand

Dec
10

Importance of Tapa: (Focusing on Target for long ) for Chief Executive Officers

Importance of Tapa: (Focusing on Target for long ) for Chief Executive Officers
Guidelines for Chief Executive Officers (CEO) series -
(Guiding Lessons for CEOs based on Shukraneeti)
(Refreshing notes for Chief Executive Officers)

By: Bhishma Kukreti (Sales and Marketing Consultant)
सात्विकं राजसं चैव तामसं त्रिविधं तपः।
यादुक्तपाति योत्यर्थ ता दृग वै नृपः ।। 29 ।। ( शुक्रनीति )
Means –
There three types of Tapa- Satwa,, Rajas and Tamas . As per tapa:, the king is called Sarwik, Rajsik and Tamsik.
In English, ‘tapa:’ means self-control, or austerities. Tapa: is Sankhya yogic word and real meaning is focus on one subject/target for long time and by deep focus on one target a person gets the targeted target.
There are three types of Gun , characteristics or nature and symbolically compared to heaven (satwik), earth (Rajat) and hell (tamsik).
Shukra advices to the king or chief executive officer that if the CEO focuses on a target for long (tapah) , the CEO achieves the result as per type of Focus of subject.
Focusing on one target for long is to prepare individual for achieving the set target and the individual slowly gets attracted towards the helping medium necessary for achievement or the individual finds the all mediums necessary for achievement.
Apart from focusing on /remembering the target at time of sleeping and at the time of arising, the individual also remember the target after every 48 hours that target becomes obsession for the CEO.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2019
Focussing on target; Guidelines for Chief Executive Officers; Focussing on target; Guidelines for Managing Directors; Guidelines for Chief Operating officers (CEO); Guidelines for General Mangers; Guidelines for Chief Financial Officers (CFO) ; Guidelines for Executive Directors ; Focussing on target; Guidelines for ; Refreshing Guidelines for CEO; Focussing on target; Refreshing Guidelines for COO ; Refreshing Guidelines for CFO ; Refreshing Guidelines for Managers; Refreshing Guidelines for Executive Directors; Focussing on target; Refreshing Guidelines for MD ; Refreshing Guidelines for Chairman ; Focussing on target; Refreshing Guidelines for President ; Serving internal and external Customers by CEO , Managing directors ; Ultimate Duties of CEO/chief executive Officers

Dec
10

Plants mentioned in Drona Parva of Mahabharata

Plants mentioned in Drona Parva of Mahabharata
Plant Science in Mahabharata -3
Botany in Epic Age of India – 8

BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –29

By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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There are descriptions of following plants in Drona Parva of Mahabharata-
Sanskrit Name = name mentioned in Mahabharata
DP= Drona Parva
S.N. Common Name Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name DP no, Shloka number
1——Gandh babul, — Arimeda——Vachelia farmesiana –——VII, 153.24
2——Ber ————Badari———-Zizyphus maurritiana—– VII, 153.24
3- Champa ———-Champak –—-Michella champaka ———-VII, 153.24
4- Ingudi————Inguda ———Balanites roxburghi ——– VII, 153.24
5-Karira ————–Karira ———-Capparis decidua————-VIII, 153.4
6- Kachnar——- Kovidar ————Bauhinia variegeta ——– VIII, 153.4
7- Bengal Fig —Nyagrodha ——–Ficus bengalensis ———– VIII, 153.4
8- Bada Peelu –Pilu ———— Salvadona oleoides———— VIII, 153.4
9- Peeple—-Palaksa ————— Ficus religosa ——————-VIII, 153.4
10-Shami- —Shami —————–Porsopis cineraria ————VIII, 153.4

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants , Drona Parva of Mahabharata ; History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

Dec
10

चबोड्या / चखन्योर्या /  तून दिँदेर  अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोष  B  – 35 

चबोड्या / चखन्योर्या / तून दिँदेर अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोष B – 35

(Garhwali Dictionary of Sarcasm )
( गढ़वाली व्यंग्य /ताना मारते शब्द -शब्दकोश , व्यंग्य्कोश
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अनुवाद अर संकलन – भीष्म कुकरेती

Gardner,माली = हिंदी फिल्मों म पूर्वी उत्तर प्रदेश /बिहार का रहवासी , हरिया काका
Garish, भड़कीला = फिल्म फियर पुरूस्कार म पैरण वळ कपड़ा
Gas,(Petrol), पेट्रोल = दूध से सस्तो
Gas Mask, गैस मास्क = दिल्ली वळ तै पता होलु
Gaudy= भड़कीला = टीवी सीरियल पुरुष्कार म पैरण वळ झुल्ला
Geld,बढ़िया करण /कुठारण = जैक भी हो भौति दुखदायी
Gender,लिंग = भ्रामक
Generic , सामान्य /जातीय = जु भोज्य पदार्थ आबि सस्तो च बल
Gentleman ,भद्र पुरुष = जांक ब्वे अपण नौनौ सुपिन दिखिद
Geography ,भूगोल = है स्कूल म विद्यार्थ्यूं द्वारा बिगाड्यं विषय

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अनुवाद copyright – भीष्म कुकरेती

पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य, जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य, जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; देहरादून गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; Garhwali Satire, Humor, Jokes from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Satire, Sarcasm , Jokes from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Sarcasm , Sarcastic Jokes from Uttarkashi Garhwal ; Garhwali Jokes from Haridwar, Uttarakhand

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