Oct
14

आइलैंड (Ireland )का हंसौण्या शब्दकोश अंश -2

आइलैंड (Ireland )का हंसौण्या शब्दकोश अंश -2

आइरिश हौंस म दर्शन हूंद अर या च सबूत –
संकलन – भीष्म कुकरेती

अपिरिटिफ (क्षुधाभंजक मद्य पेय ) – कृत्रिम दंतावली
अप्लायउज (ताली , सराहना )- शरीफों बान उत्साह , कमजोर लोकुं उद्देश्य ार उद्देश्य अंत
आर्ट (कला ) – व्यक्तिवाद साधन कु जोरदार साधन
आर्ट – एकांत कु गुणगान
आर्ट ऑफ़ गवर्मेंट – मूर्तिपूजा क संगठन या मुतृपूजा कु संगठित रूप
Assassination (हत्त्या ) – सेंसरशिप कु चरम रुप
Atheism (नास्तिकता )- दिखावा /ढोंग /स्वांग कु कॉलेज क्लासेज
बैंकिंग – संसार कु दुसर (Second ) लाभकारी व्यवसाय किन्तु पैल वळ से बिंडी लाभदायी
Beauty /सुंदरता – महिला म जु मुख धूणो बाद दिखेंद।
आस्था – सबूत उल्टा हूणो बाद बि जै तै हम सत्य मणदा।
बाइबल – एक आइरिश पुस्तक किलैकि या पुस्तक बुल्दी कि या ही पैलि पोथी च।

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कॉपीराइट ? चुरायुं माल च। क्यांक कॉपीराइट ?
पौड़ी गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; देहरादून गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; Jokes from Pauri Garhwal; Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal; Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Jokes from Tehri Garhwal; Jokes from Uttarkashi Garhwal

Oct
13

Medical Tourism History in Nagavansha Period in India

Medical Tourism History in Nagavansha Period in India
History of Medical Tourism, Health and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha Period (176-340 AD) -1
History of Medical Tourism, Health and Wellness Tourism in India, South Asia- 119
(With Special mentions of History of Medicines in India)
By: Bhishma Kukreti (Medical Tourism Historian)
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Naga Period is important creation or editing of Sushruta Samhita and Kashyapa Samhita.
The Maurya Empire started disintegration just after the death of Great Asoka. There were main four new empires replacing Maurya Empire.
One of strong kingdom replacing Maurya Empire was Naga Kingdom of Vidisha or Vidarbha . Dr.K.P Jaiswal offered following chronology of Nagas of Vidisha based on Puranas and last coins and inscriptions of last Naga kings (1)-
Sesha Naga ( 110-90BC)
Bhogi ( 90-80BC )
Ramachandra (80-50BC)
Dharma varman ( 50-40 BC)
.
.Bhavdatta
Siva Nandi
According to Jaiswal the founder of Nava Naga was Bharashiva (ruled 140-170 AD) and was contemporary of Vasudeva of Kushan kingdom . There were other Naga Kings as Virasena ( (175-180), Haya Naga ( 210-245), Traya Naga ( 245-250 ), Barhina Naga ( 350-260AD) , Charaja Naga ( 260-290) , Bhava Naga (290-315).
The real contribution of Naga king Bharshiva and his heirs is to re-establish Hindu culture and religion.
In next chapter, the author will discuss Sushruta Samhita and Kashyapa Samhita in context proof of medical tourism in India.

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References –
1-Jaiswal K.P., History of India (150- 350 AD)
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, //2019 bjkukreti@gmail.com
History of Medical Tourism, health Tourism and Wellness Tourism and History of Medicines in India will be continued in next chapter –
History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , North India , South Asia; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , South India; South Asia, History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , East India, , History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , West India, South Asia; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , Central India, South Asia; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , North East India , South Asia; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , Bangladesh , South Asia; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India, Pakistan , South Asia; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , Myanmar, South Asia; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , Afghanistan , South Asia ; History of Medical Tourism in Nagavansha , Health Tourism in Nagavansha and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha and History of Medicines in India , Baluchistan, South Asia,

Oct
13

Plant Domestication, Introduction-cultivation and Plant Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India

Plant Domestication, Introduction-cultivation and Plant Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India
(History of Botany in Neolithic Age in India -2)
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent -7
By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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There are two types of cultivars in Neolithic age (1)-
1-Primary crop origin –cultivation started from wild progenitors local to regions .The social process in primary plant origin is –
A-Pristine –cultivation initiated by hunter gatherers only in contact with hunter gatherers.
B-Inspired – cultivation started by hunter gatherers in contact with food producers.
C-Additive-cultivation started by farmers possessing other crops
2- Secondary crop origin- crop introduced not from local progenitors.(1)
The social process is as under in secondary crop origin type (1)-
A-Migration – immigrants farmers carry crops/livestock to other regions (demic diffusion)
B- Adoption – crops or livestock obtained from other region through trade with minimal immigration (cultural diffusion) .

In a significant research paper, Dorian Q Fuller (1) states that the research shows that crop cultivation may have begun in as many five regions (South India, Orissa, the middle Ganges, Saurashtra and Himalayan Foothills) of India before the introduction of exogenous crops and cultivation system. Fuller offers arguments for local ways of domestication in the above five regions of India (1).
Early Crops in South India
The archeobotanical evidences show that there were following crops dominated the southern region in Neolithic India (2) –
A-Pulses
Mungbean (Vigna radiata)
Horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum)
B-Grains
Signal grass millet (Brachiaria ramosa)
Bristly Foxtail Millet (Setaria verticillata)
Grain based agriculture in Neolithic age in Jhusi of Gnaga Plains
Pokharia , Pal and Shrivastava offered us the evidences of following food items from Neolithic Jhusi (Allahabd , UP) (3) those indicate that following plants either were domesticated or cultivated in North India from 7th millennium to BC 2nd century -
Cereals
Rice (Oryza sativa )
Barely (Hordeum vulgare )
Bread Wheat( Triticum aestivum )
Drwarf Wheat (Triticum sphaerococcum )
Pulses
Lentil (Lens culnaris )
Field Pea( Pisum arvense )
Green Gram (Vigna radiata)
Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus )
Horse Gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum )
Oil yielding plants
Flex (Linum usitatissimum)
Sesame (Sesamum indicum )
Horticulture plants
Grape (Vitis venifera )
Amwala( Emblica officinalis)
Vetch (Vicia sativa )
Job’s Tear (Coix lachrymal-jobi)
Season for agriculture, sowing cropping of edible grains etc. in Jhusi (UP) in Neolithic Age
Pokharia et all (3) informed the sowing and cropping period in Neolithic age of Jhusi (UP). The research paper states that the rice, horse gram and green gram were grown in warm rainy season. The winter growing crops were barley, bread wheat, dwarf wheat, field peas, lentil, grass pea and linseed. Grape was winter growing fruit crop. If those cereals etc. were not the origin of UP the theory is that the area was culturally connected with the original home of winter crop right from the early Neolithic culture (3).

Rice domestication cultivation in North India
Dr Fuller states about domestication of rice in north India (1) that there are evidences of orgin cultivation of ancestral indica rice. Fuller further mentions that the full morphological sense was not completed until domesticated Japonica varieties were introduced to North India from China allowing hybridization.

Domestication and introduction of Plants in Orissa in Neolithic Age
As per Fuller (1), the following crops were either domesticated or cultivated by bringing seeds /knowledge from other regions-
The rice had been dominating crops in Neolithic age in Orissa region (1). The following domesticate pulses-
Cajanus cajan
Macrotyloma uniflorum (introduced one)
Vigna radiata
Vigna mungo
Perhaps Pancicum sumatrense was also domesticated or introduced and cultivate, domesticated (1). Fuller (1) suggests that the agriculture and sedentism(transition) were established in Orissa around mid-second millennium BC .
Domestication and introduction of Plants in Saurashtra in Neolithic Age
Fuller informs that the evidence of early agriculture /cultivation, domestication in Suarshtra Gujrat are from Harappa period (1).
The following grains were domesticated /introduced and cultivated in Saurashtra pensile (1) –
Panicum sumatrense
Vigna species
Macrotyloma
Pearl millet
Sorghum
Lablab purpureus
Plant Domestication, Introduction-cultivation and Plant Knowledge in Neolithic Age in Baluchistan India (Today part of Pakistan)
Fuller states (1) that Mehrgarh site of Neolithic age is an important site for knowing domestication of plants in India. Scientists found evidence of early agriculture based on nonindigenous crops as glume wheat, bread wheat, barely varieties and other livestock(1)
By thorough research studies, Moulherat et all inform that cotton was domesticated first in Mehrgarh (Baluchistan , Pakistan) (4).

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References
1-Fuller Dorian Q, 2011, Finding Plant Domestication in Indian Subcontinent, Current Anthropology, Vol. 52 No. S4), The Origin of Agriculture New data New idea (October 2011)Pp347-367
2- Fuller Dorian Q, 2011, Finding Plant Domestication in Indian Subcontinent, Current Anthropology, Vol. 52 No. S4), The Origin of Agriculture New data New idea (October 2011) pp348
3-Pokharia Anil,Pal J.N., Shrivastava Alka, 2009, Plant macro remains from Neolithic Jhusi in Gnaga plain: Evidence for grain based agriculture, Current Science 97(4): 564-572, August 2009
4- Moulherat C., Tenberg M., et all, 2002, Five Evidence of Cotton at Mehrgarh ,Pakistan: Analysis of mineralised fiber from a copper bead , Journal of Archaeological Science VOl.29 Issue 12 December 2002 pages 1393-1401
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, June 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plant Domestication Knowledge in Neolithic Age in India ,History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

Oct
13

आइलैंड (Ireland )का हंसौण्या शब्दकोश  अंश  

आइलैंड (Ireland )का हंसौण्या शब्दकोश  अंश  

संकलन – भीष्म कुकरेती 
   ( आइलैंड का हास्य रहस्य से भर्युं च।   दारु , दरोड्यों बिंडी  छ्वीं हूंदन।                     – आइलैंडी हंसौण्या शब्दकोश का कुछ भाग -ऐक्टिंग -शर्मीला मनिखाक बदला। ऐक्टिंग – एक शर्मीलो मनिख का संसार से बदला। ऐक्टिंग – कला कु निम्न से निम्न स्तर हां जु ऐक्टिंग कला च त। ऐक्टिंग – दुनियादारी से बदला कु प्रदर्शन। ऐक्टिविटी (गतिविधि ) – ज्ञान प्राप्ति को एकमात्र साधन। एडल्ट्स (वयस्क  ) - बच्चा जु कमांद छन। अल्कोहल (दारु ) -बेहोश करणो दवा जाँसे हम जिंदगी ओप्रेसन /चीरफाड़ का दुःख सहन करदां। एल्कोहोलिज्म (शराबीपन )- एक बीमारी जो तुमसे बुल्दी बल  तुम्हारी क्वी समस्या यी नी च। एम्बिशन (अभिलाषा )-  असफलता को आखरी बसेरा। ऐनार्किज्म (अराजकताबाद )- एक राजकीय खेल जखम पुलिस तुम तै पीट सकद। अन्थोलॉजी (संकलन )  -  दिमाग बी बान पैलि बिटेन पकायुन भोजन ऐंटी फेमिनिस्ट (महिला विरोधी ) – जु परिपूर्ण आस्वस्थ रौंद बल वेकी ब्वे मूर्ख छे। बुकसेलर – सभ्यता को सबसे स्वीकार्य  सेवक बिल्ली – फराह क जीवन चरित्र , कृष्ण को दया  अर पूछ  प्रश्नचिन्ह जन 

कॉपीराइट ? चुरायुं माल च।  क्यांक कॉपीराइट ?
पौड़ी गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली  गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ;  रुद्रप्रयाग  गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी  गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी  गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ;  देहरादून  गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार  गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ;    Jokes from Pauri  Garhwal;   Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal;   Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal;   Jokes from Tehri Garhwal;   Jokes from  Uttarkashi Garhwal  

Oct
12

फ्रांस बिटेन  , मुस्कराण्या , हंसौण्या , खिकतौण्या छ्वीं बत्थ /जोक्स 

फ्रांस बिटेन , मुस्कराण्या , हंसौण्या , खिकतौण्या छ्वीं बत्थ /जोक्स

संकलन – भीष्म कुकरेती
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फ्रेंच लोक अपण भाषा से बिंडी प्रेम करदन अर यूंको हौंसम भाषा विषय हावी रौंद। असलम फ्रेंच हौंस से अधिक बुद्धिवादी व्यग्य चबोड़ पसंद करदन। फ्रेंच हौंस म दूसरों मखौल अधिक हूंद अपड़ मखौल कम हूंद। फ्रेंच हौंस म सेक्स , शारीरिक कार्य या अंग अधिक मिल्दो।
1 जोक -
सवाल – हम तैं सद्दाम हुसैन या ओसामा बिन लादेन का बिरुद्ध फ्रांस की क्या जरूरत च ?
जबाब – भई जां से फ्रेंच ऊं तैं दिखै साको बल आत्मसम्पर्ण कन करण।
=========
2 -
अपण पार्टी फ्रेंचमैन तैं भैर रखणो तरीका क्या च ?
पार्टी स्थल को भैर बोर्ड लगै द्यावो ‘नंगापन बिलकुल बि ना ”
==========
3 – जोक
जीसस फ्रांस म किले पैदा नि ह्वे ?
किलैकि फ्रांस म जीसस तैं तीन होसियार मनिख या कुँवारी कन्या नि मिलेन

कॉपीराइट ? चुरायुं माल च। क्यांक कॉपीराइट ?
पौड़ी गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; देहरादून गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल से जोक्स , हास्य ; Jokes from Pauri Garhwal; Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal; Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Jokes from Tehri Garhwal; Jokes from Uttarkashi Garhwal;

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