Aug
22

Search for Tenant Farmers

Search for Tenant Farmers
British Administration in Garhwal -162
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -182
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History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1014
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By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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The major land in Garhwal was barren when British entered into Garhwal. Kamin or Sayane were interested for settling tenants in the cultivated or barren land. There were tenants those were habitual of shifting one place to other. Therefore, Kamin started luring the tenants (Asami).
The basic reasons for farmers (owner or tenants) were wild animals as tigers, leopards killing human beings and animals as deer, bores, bears, destroying the crops. There were epidemics in some particular regions for farmers for migrating other regions. The floods, drought, landslides were also other causes for farmers leaving the places.
Many people indulged in social norms crimes as marrying outcast or society compelled men for leaving their caste and in such cases, they had to flee their respective village for protection from social punishment. Many times, blind faith was also reason for a farmer shifting from one village to other village.
Kamin /Sayana were trying their best for farmer tenants settling in their area.

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References
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 343-77 from Vishnu Singh Gorla Rawat collection
2-Joshi, Khas Family law
3- Paw- Garhwal Settlement page 44
4-Batton t, Garhwal resettlement report – 29

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 22/8/201710History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1015
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system, over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;

Aug
22

क्या मनु , पैगंबर और गौड सन की परम्परा मानव समाज के लिए नासूर नहीं है ?

क्या मनु , पैगंबर और गौड सन की परम्परा मानव समाज के लिए नासूर नहीं है ?

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(Best of Garhwali Humor , Wits Jokes , गढ़वाली हास्य , व्यंग्य )
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चबोड़ , चखन्यौ , ककड़ाट ::: भीष्म कुकरेती

मनिख – भगवान की कसम ! भगवान तुम अपणा नियमों मा खुश छंवां। सुणना इ नि छंवां। कि मजबूर छंवां ?
भगवान – मानव ! केकी छ्वीं लगाणु छे ?
मनिख – अधिसंख्य कुचल्यां , दलित , गरीब गुरबा मनिखों कि व्यथा , रूण धूण , कर्राट सुणना नि छंवां ?
भगवान – भक्त ! मि तैं कुछ नि सुण्याणु च। म्यार स्वघोषित प्रतिनिधि क्या करणा छन पता च ?
मनिख – आपक स्वघोषित प्रतिनिधि ?
भगवान – हाँ। सि मनु का च्याला पंडित , मौलवी अर पादरी सब त म्यार स्वघोषित प्रतिनिधि बण गेन अर कथगोंन त अफु तैं पैगंबर , गुरु क्या भगवान इ घोषित कर दे।
मनिख -तो ?
भगवान – अरे यी क्वी घंटा बजै बजैक, रतजगा मा चिल्लै चिल्लैक इथगा हल्ला मचाणा छन कि दिबतौं कंदूड़जळ इ फूटी गेन। कुछ नि सुण्याणु यूं घंडलुं घ्याळ मा।
मनिख -ह्यां पर … क्या बुलणा छंवां ?
भगवान – घंडल बजण बंद हून्दन त पंडित अपण आपस मा अपण बणइ भाषा संस्कृत तैं मेरी रचित भाषा बतैक वीं भाषा मा जोर जोर से शास्त्रार्थ करिक सरा दुन्या तै बैरा बणाण पर ऐ जांदन तो कुछ नि सुण्यांदु। फिर सुबेर सुबेर …
मनिख – सुबेर सुबेर क्या ?
भगवान -सुबेर जरा मौक़ा मिल्दो तो मौलवी मुल्ला अजान तै लाउडस्पीकर से पौढ़िक इथगा हल्ला करदन कि म्यार त बरमंड ही खाण लग जांद। अजान कु हल्ला से अधकपळी को बीमार ह्वे ग्यों मि।
मनिख – तो अजकाल तो न्यूज टीवी चैनल गरीबों दुःख , परेशानी दिखाणा रौंदन तो उखी बिटेन इ सै …..
भगवान -टीवी चैनल ? सरा संसार का टीवी चैनलों तै गरीब की कुछ नी पड़ीं अपितु अपड़ टीआरपी बढ़ानो पड़ीं च। टीवी चैनलों ऐंकर बि दूसर किस्मौ पैगंबर , गॉड सन अर मनु बण गेन अर फिर तीन टीवी चैनलों मा मुल्ला , पादर्यूं अर पंडितों मारामारी बि देखि ?
मनिख – हाँ पर ..
भगवान -अरे यूँ मौलवी , पादर्युं अर पंडितों हिसाबन त सरा मानव समाज इ खत्म ह्वे जैन पर यूंक जड़ , निर्दयी , बदलाव विरोधी धर्म बच्यूं रौण चयेंद बस।
मनिख – पर कुछ तो उपाय प्रभु ?
भगवान -बस जैदिन मनिख खुदा का पैगंबर , अफि अफिक गौड सन अर भगवत पुत्र मनु बणन बंद कर द्याल वै दिन मि तैं गरीब गुरबो , दलित , कुचल्यां लोगुं आवाज सुण्याण लग जाली।

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti , Mumbai India , 22 /8 / 2017

*लेख की घटनाएँ , स्थान व नाम काल्पनिक हैं । लेख में कथाएँ , चरित्र , स्थान केवल हौंस , हौंसारथ , खिकताट , व्यंग्य रचने हेतु उपयोग किये गए हैं।
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Best of Garhwali Humor Literature in Garhwali Language , Jokes ; Best of Himalayan Satire in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Uttarakhand Wit in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language Literature ; Best of Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Ridicule in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Mockery in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Send-up in Garhwali Language Literature ; Best of Disdain in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Hilarity in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language Literature ; Best of Garhwali Humor in Garhwali Language Literature from Pauri Garhwal , Jokes ; Best of Himalayan Satire Literature in Garhwali Language from Rudraprayag Garhwal ; Best of Uttarakhand Wit in Garhwali Language from Chamoli Garhwal ; Best of North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language from Tehri Garhwal ; Best of Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language from Uttarkashi Garhwal ; Best of Ridicule in Garhwali Language from Bhabhar Garhwal ; Best of Mockery in Garhwali Language from Lansdowne Garhwal ; Best of Hilarity in Garhwali Language from Kotdwara Garhwal ; Best of Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language from Haridwar ;गढ़वाली हास्य -व्यंग्य , जसपुर से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; जसपुर से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; ढांगू से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ;
Garhwali Vyangya, Jokes ; Garhwali Hasya , Jokes ; Garhwali skits , Jokes ; Garhwali short Skits, Jokes , Garhwali Comedy Skits , Jokes , Humorous Skits in Garhwali , Jokes, Wit Garhwali Skits , Jokes

Aug
17

Women in British Garhwal

Women in British Garhwal
British Administration in Garhwal -161
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -181
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History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1013
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By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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The woman was important asset for agriculture works and pasturing works. Womn was also useful for kitchen works that was not possible by Harijan or Shilpkar. Becket reported that she was capable of working for 60 years and used to produce up to 50 years. Women were not allowed plowing.
The following population figures confirm that there was shortage of women in Garhwal –
Year ———————Male Pop————————Female Population
1841————————-71534—————————60882
1853————————— 120027————————113299
That was why there was a custom of Takka marriage or offering money to bride’s father by groom’s family and without marriage procession and rituals. ‘Kanyadan was custom in upper caste and prosperous Thakur. Prosperous man had many wives. Wives were there for works. In case of death of elder brother, younger brother used to marry /keep his Bhauj. Far devar were ready for keeping widow Bhauj (elder brother’s wife). There was demand for ‘Dhanti female (thrown out of family). Marrying with widow Bhauj or Dhanti was very useful in remaking of barren land useful for agriculture.
Many widows had land but there were no males for them in family. For solving such problems, women started keeping ‘husband’.
More the children was sign of prosperity because children were useful for agriculture works. If any mn married with married women the new husband hd to pay money to ex-husband.

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References
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 343-44 from Vishnu Singh Gorla Rawat collection
2-Joshi, Khas Family law
3- Paw- Garhwal Settlement page 44
4-Becket, Garhwal resettlement report – 29

Xx

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 17/8/201710History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1014
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
-
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system, over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;

Aug
17

आत्म सुधार नाम इ सूणी आत्मा बितक जांद

आत्म सुधार नाम इ सूणी आत्मा बितक जांद

(Best of Garhwali Humor , Wits Jokes , गढ़वाली हास्य , व्यंग्य )
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चबोड़ , चखन्यौ , ककड़ाट ::: भीष्म कुकरेती

इंटरनेट आण से नकल जुग याने कट पेस्ट जुगै पवाण लग। फेसबुक अर व्हट्सप्प आण से कट पेस्ट युगन हैंक एक भयंकर युगै शुरुवात कार । फेसबुक या व्हट्सप्प अचकाल प्रेरणा दायी , सीख दिँदेर , अड़ाण वळ मीडिया ह्वे ग्याइ। जैतै द्याखौ स्यु अपण परिवार छोड़ि दूसरों तैं अड़ंदेरी रैबार भिजणु रौंद। इख तलक कि जौंक दगड़ मि रात द्वी बजि तक दारु घळकाणु रौंद , सिगरेटुं धुंवारौळी करणु रौंद , गाळीम बचळयोंणु रौंद वी दुसर दिन दुफरा मा मेकुण फेसबुक अर व्हट्सप्प मा व्यक्तिगत मैसेज बॉक्स /वाल मा ” दारु बुरु चीज च -यांसे कळयज फुकेंद , सिगरेट बुरी चीज च -यांसे फबस फेफड़ा फुकेन्द अर गाळी दीण से बेशरम नेता बि नाराज ह्वे जांद” जन रैबार बगैर भुल्याँ भिजदन अर दुसर मैसेज मा आज कै दारु अड्डाम बैठला की सूचना बि हूंद ।
पंदरा अगस्त अर रखड़ी जन त्यौहार दगड़ी ऐ जावन तो प्रेरणादायी संदेशों सुनामी ऐ जांद अर इनमा मोबाइल अधमरो ह्वेक सूचना दे दींदो बल मेरी सांस रुक गे स्टोर बॉक्स साफ़ कारो तो मि बच जौलु। त ब्याळी , व्हट्सप्प मेसेजों से भर्युं स्टोर साफ़ करणम म्यार सरा दिन खराब ह्वे। कुछ संदेस इन छा -
‘हळका खावो अर प्रेरणादायी पाठ्य बांचो -पौड़ा’। म्यार हिसाब से तो संदेस इन हूण चयेणु छौ – हळका बांचो जन चाचा चौधरीक कॉमिक अर प्रेरणादायी डिजर्ट कारो जन जलेबी। जलेबी से अधिक दार्शनिक भोजन मि तै अबि तलक त नि दिखे।
‘ पौणु स्वागत सकारात्मक रूप से कारो ‘ ! ये संदेस बाँचीक म्यार ज्यू बुल्याइ बल द्वार पर संदेस लेखी द्यों – कृपया अपने जूते अंदर लाएं अर अपने अहम को बाहर ही छोड़ दें।
‘ अपण रवया बदलो’ संदेस मि तै सही लग अर मीन भोळ बिटेन अपण रवैया बदलण। सुबेर सुबेर जब बढ़िया निंद आणि रौंदी त तबि घरवळि बिजाळ दींदी अर मि चुपचाप खड़ो ह्वे जांद। भोळ बिटेन मीन वीं तै गाळी दीण कि सुबेर दस बजि बि क्वी बिजाळणो बगत च।
संदेस ‘ भूतकालै अपण छुटि छुटि सफलताओं तैं याद कारो ‘ बि जरा ना बिलकुल इ कठण च। अरे दूसरों गोर कै हैंकाक पुंगड़ सफलतापूर्वक ठसेल दीण; दूसरै अफकुण बणयीं पर्ची चोरी करिक इम्तहान पास करण या जाण सेकंड क्लास डब्बा से अर टीए डीए बिल मा फस्ट क्लास चार्ज करण जन सफलता याद करण लैक छन क्या ?
‘दूसरों से सल्ला ल्यावो ‘ सलाह बि त समस्यामूलक च । घंघतोळ या च बल फेसबुक्या दगड़्यों सल्ला ठीक राली , व्हाट्सप्प दगड्यों सल्ला ठीक राली कि गूगल सर्च की सलाह उचित राली ?
एक्सरसाइज कारो सलाह बि समस्यामूलक सलाह च। योग सेक्युलर एक्सरसाइज नी च , डंड बैठक जोग शरीर नी च अर यदि हौर व्यायाम करदो तो विदेशी व्यायाम छन जब कि अचकाल चाइनीज अर विदेशी वस्तु त्यागणो युग चलणो च तो मि देशभक्त विदेशी व्यायाम कनै कौर सकुद। इलै व्यायाम बि मि शुरू नि कौर सकुद।
नकारात्मक सोच बंद कारो , दुसरौं अवगुण नि द्याखो अर दुसरों निंन्दा नि कारो सलाह आम लोगुं कुण त ठीक च पर व्यंग्यकार का तो यि तिन्नी असली हथियार छन यदि नकारात्मक सोच , अवगुण नि द्याखो अर निंदा नि कारो क रस्ता पर चलूल त व्यंग्य कु ल्याखल ?
छोड़ो मत , डटे रहो सलाह तै मीन मानी दे अर दारु , सिगरेट मीन नि छुड़ण्याइ।

एक सलाह मि तैं भौत पसंद ऐ बल ‘ वे काम छोड़ी द्यावो जु पसंद नी। अब 2000 गढ़वळि व्यंग्य लेखिक बि 20 -25 पाठक नि बणिन त गढ़वळिम लिखण छुड़णम इ लाभ च।

बाकी सल्लाऊँ बाराम छबीस जनवरी मा छ्वीं लगौला।-

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti , Mumbai India , 17 /8 / 2017

*लेख की घटनाएँ , स्थान व नाम काल्पनिक हैं । लेख में कथाएँ , चरित्र , स्थान केवल हौंस , हौंसारथ , खिकताट , व्यंग्य रचने हेतु उपयोग किये गए हैं।
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Best of Garhwali Humor Literature in Garhwali Language , Jokes ; Best of Himalayan Satire in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Uttarakhand Wit in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language Literature ; Best of Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Ridicule in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Mockery in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Send-up in Garhwali Language Literature ; Best of Disdain in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Hilarity in Garhwali Language Literature , Jokes ; Best of Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language Literature ; Best of Garhwali Humor in Garhwali Language Literature from Pauri Garhwal , Jokes ; Best of Himalayan Satire Literature in Garhwali Language from Rudraprayag Garhwal ; Best of Uttarakhand Wit in Garhwali Language from Chamoli Garhwal ; Best of North Indian Spoof in Garhwali Language from Tehri Garhwal ; Best of Regional Language Lampoon in Garhwali Language from Uttarkashi Garhwal ; Best of Ridicule in Garhwali Language from Bhabhar Garhwal ; Best of Mockery in Garhwali Language from Lansdowne Garhwal ; Best of Hilarity in Garhwali Language from Kotdwara Garhwal ; Best of Cheerfulness in Garhwali Language from Haridwar ;गढ़वाली हास्य -व्यंग्य , जसपुर से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; जसपुर से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; ढांगू से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ; पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य व्यंग्य ;
Garhwali Vyangya, Jokes ; Garhwali Hasya , Jokes ; Garhwali skits , Jokes ; Garhwali short Skits, Jokes , Garhwali Comedy Skits , Jokes , Humorous Skits in Garhwali , Jokes, Wit Garhwali Skits , Jokes

Aug
16

Shilpkar (Craftsmen), Harijan or Scheduled Castes of Garhwal in 1865

Shilpkar (Craftsmen), Harijan or Scheduled Castes of Garhwal in 1865
British Administration in Garhwal -160
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -180
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History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1012
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By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
Before, independent, craftsmen caste was called ‘Doom or Dome’. Now, this word is unconstitutional.
There was heavy demand for craftsmen (Shilpkar or S.C.) , farmers under contract (Tihari) and women. The service providing community was craftsmen or Shilpkar society. Upper Caste farers required shilpkar for big or small farming , hut building and other activities.
There were two major classes of Shilpkar or Harijan.
Dancers, singers and music instrument players came under Entertaining class as Badi, Auji, Bhat, Hurkya.
People require entertaining class at auspicious occasions.
Auji was important class as they were Dhol-Damau players. Auhi had seven or ten villages under them.
On every first day of month, Auji used to play Dhol-Damau at every courtyard. In marriage or other auspicious day, Auji used to play Dhol –Damau.
Badi was another important entertaining community. They were dancers and singers.
Under real Craftsmen class were iron smith, metal smith, carpenters, and producers of various home- farm appliances nd labors for various activities.
Shilpkar used to make wood, bamboo utensils and other utensils. Shilpkar used to plow fields and also they erected farms by digging jungles. They used to carry grooms and brides at marriage procession through pinus or Dola.
It was a must to have one or two Shilpkar families in each village.
Kamin brought Harijan from here and there and established them in each village. Kamin were responsible for providing labor to British officers in their tour to rural regions. Kamin used to send Shilpkar/Harijan for that work.
The population of British Garhwal (todays’ Pauri, Chamoli and Rudraprayag) was 248742 in 1860 and out of this the Shilpkar ? Harijan population was 35992.

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References
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 343-44 from Vishnu Singh Gorla Rawat collection
2-Joshi, Khas Family law

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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 16/8/201710History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1013
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system, over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Forest settlement , History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Forest settlement , History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; Patwari , Civil Police History of British Rule, Forest settlement, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;

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