Jul
15

Restlessness in Tehri due to Forest policies

Restlessness in Tehri due to Forest policies

History of Tehri King Narendra Shah -37

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 229

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1476

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

The Kumaon Commissioner Bidham took appropriate actions for defusing tension in Kumaon Commissionaire.

In Tehri, there was land settlement in 1927-28 and the villagers’ rights on forest were reduced. Therefore, there was acute unrest among citizens. (4).   In many villages (in Ravayi), the cow shades, village paths and Khalihan are also put under forest zones by the settlement officers. The grass lands were also taken under state forest region. (2). The Kingdom was interested in earning money from forests and was keeping eyes closed for citizen’s comforts and rights. There became shortage of grassland and when people complained to the officers about no land for grazing the animals, those cruel officers used to answer “throw the animals into valley”(2)

The curbing on the forests rights of people created severe tension and restlessness in Tehri Garhwal as happened in British Uttarakhand.

References-

1-Settlement Report Uttarkashi

2- Karma Bhumi 26th January 1956.

3- Tehri Garhwal forest manual page 23

4 -Dabral S., Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page  41

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

Jul
14

Restlessness in Kumaon, British Garhwal and Tehri Garhwal

Restlessness in Kumaon, British Garhwal and Tehri Garhwal

History of Tehri King Narendra Shah -36

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 228

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1475

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

From Firs word war, the freedom movement was taking shape in India and by the end of 1930, the movement had taken shape in Garhwal and Kumaon too.

At the same time, there was restlessness among people in Kumaon, British Garhwal and Tihri Garhwal about their forest rights. In the name of forest management, British Government reduced the rights of people on forest.  Tihri kings also reduced rights of people on forests. The notorious three officers – Sir John Hibet, Sir John Campbel and Sir Collectrowac   announced an order in 1883, that there would not be any rights of villages on lands that came under unmeasured land without any record  , hills, snowy land, ponds, lakes, rivers rivulets, many forests  etc.(1)

At that same time, the Government divided the forests into three categories – A, B, C. There were no any rights on A type of forests, there were very low rights on B types of forests and the C types of forests were lower density   forests near villages. In 1994, Government alos decalred Devdaru, Pine,Sal , Tun , Kahir (catechu) as protective trees and the villagers had to take permission to cut their own tress from government (1).

The government also stopped hunting; fishing and people had to take government permission for hunting and fishing.  Government fined and jailed many persons in British Garhwal and Kumaon. (1)

There was restlessness in British Garhwal and as well  in Tehri Garhwal too .

 

References-

1-Pandey Badridatt, Kumaon ka Itihas p 469

2-Dabral S., Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 39

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

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