Sep
20

Support to Reforms Activists in Tehri by Sanyukta Raksha Samiti

Support to Reforms Activists  in Tehri by Sanyukta Raksha Samiti

History of Tehri King Manvendra Shah-7

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 294

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1540

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

The Tehri administration broke the assurance provided to Prajamandal Members and started harassing the activists and started punishing them. Annoyed by the breaking the assurance by Tehri administration, the elites of British Garhwal inspired by editor board of Karmabhumi, held a meeting. The said Meeting led by Colonel Pitrisharan Raturi was held from 5-6th January 1947 in Kotdwra. The Congress committee, Tehri Prajamandal Rasjriya Sena (INA members) attended the meeting. The speakers put light on various suppressions by Tehri Kingdom.

The meeting passed a resolution and put following demands (for Tehri Administration) (2) –

1-Tehri Kingdom should release political activist immediately from jail.

2-Tehri Government should clear about Paripurna Nand Painyuli

3-Tehri Government should abide the accord with Prajamandal and should remove all hurdles of the activities of Prajamandal.

The Tehri court would be informed if the court did not follow above points, Prajamandal will start peaceful movement in  the Kingdom.

In Meeting, it was also decided to create a Suman Smriti Trust (Memorable Trust) and should collect at least Rs. Ten thousand.

The following Committee was founded for dealing with the Tehri administration-

President – Colonel Pitrisharan Raturi

Members- Master Ramswarup of Prajamandal

Bhakta Darshan (Karmabhumi editor)

From the side of Sanyukta Raksha Samiti, Bhakta Darshan, Pitrisharan Raturi Master Ramswarup, Prem Lal Vaidya reached Tehri on 12th January 1947 and met the Chief Justice of High court, session Judge and additional District Magistrate there. The committee members appealed all those authorities for immediate release of political activists and to offer the comforts to them in jail.  The committee members also met the Chief Minister and other authorities.

The authorities clearly informed that out sider lawyers were not authorised to fight the case of Tehri Citizens.  The Committee handed over the job of fighting the cases of activists to local lawyers – Virendra Saklani and Devi Prasad Ghildiyal.

Bothe above lawyers met the activist in jail on 13th January 1947 and found that the activists were getting lesser facilities than C grade of the country.

Court Punishment to the activists-

The court announced the jail and  capital punishment to  Painyuli, Dada Daulatram, Nagendra Saklani, Teekaram Shastri, Mehtab Singh and Autar Singh (1ll together 31 ) .

References -

1-Dabral S.P. Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 80

2- Karmabhumi, 8th January 1947,

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

 

 

Sep
20

Police arresting Nagendra Saklani

Police arresting Nagendra Saklani

History of Tehri King Manvendra Shah-6

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 293

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1539

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

Nagendra Saklani was born in Saklana in a Brahmin family. After basic schooling, Nagendra went to Dehradun where he passed High School. Nagendra Saklani came in contact with communist workers and he became a devoted communist worker. He played an important role in  famer movement too.

In the 1946 provincial election of British Garhwal, Nagendra Saklani went to British Garhwal and worked for Communist candidate Chandra Singh Garhwali against Congress Candidate.  He was a very good speaker and had an attractive voice to attract people’s attention. Nagendra was an energetic, non-tiring and enthusiastic worker.

Nagendra was  with Dada Daulatram in Dang Choura for farmer agitation against the government . Police could not catch Nagendra along with Daulatram. Police arrested Nagendra Saklani on 24th November 1946 from Dang Choura. He was put on an iron chain. Police brought chained Nagendra   Saklani to Muni ki Reti and then to Narendra Nagar. He was insulted by police and police provided putrefied breads. Police did not provide sufficient quality of bread or food. Nagendra Threatened for hunger strike. The matter was brought before the King and the king allowed him 6 rotis per meal.  (2)

Police torture Nagendra as much that could. He was not supplied blankets and was deprived of sufficient water on a daily basis. Nagendra used to do hard physical exercises to keep his body warm. (2)

Hearing in Court against Nagendra started from 25th December 1946.

References -

1-Dabral S.P. Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 80

2- Karmabhumi, 26th January 1956 , letter by Nagendra Saklani 4th December 1946

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

 

Sep
19

Paripurna Nand Painyuli Escaping from Jail

Paripurna Nand Painyuli Escaping from Jail

History of Tehri King Manvendra Shah-5

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 292

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1538

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

Paripurna Nand Painyuli was the most innovative and enthusiastic activist in Jail. Paripurna Nand Painyuli planned escape from the Jail. In Tehri Kingdom history, it was first incident that an activist escaped from jail on 10th December 1946.

Paripurna Nand and his brother Sachchida Nand from outside used to communicate in a specialised manner. Sachchida Nand used to climb on a mango tree outside the jail and used to communicate with each other. One day, Paripurna Nand informed Sachchida Nand that he would escape from the jail and instructed Sachchida to inform a couple of  freedom activists of Kanpur, Lucknow and Delhi. Before Sachchida Nand could inform other activists, Paripurna Nand escaped.

Paripurna Nand asked the work in the Printing press as a loader. At noon, on 10th December Paripurna Nand Painyui went as a loader to outside Printing press and escaped from the press through a street and he went to Bhilangana river. Later in the evening the authorities came to know that Paripurna Nand had escaped. Paripurna Nand escaped only in a Langot and blanket.  Administration put police force  on the roads towards Rishikesh, Devprayag, and Shrinagar from Tehri. Painyuili guessed that and hid in a shrub near Bhilangana. He changed his dressing as a sage and marched towards Kalsi.  Paripurna Nand Painyuli crossed Bhilangna , Yamuna and Bahgirathi in December. It was a deadly job in December to cross those snow bound rivers. Painyuli reached Delhi as Rameshwar Sharma.  Bhgawan das Multani and a couple of friends knew the reality. That is why; there was rumour in Tehri that jail authorities killed Painyuli in Jail as they killed Suman    Tehri authorities fine dfor rs 100 each to the composers of Printing Press.

 

References -

1-Dabral S.P. Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 80

2- Karmabhumi, 4th December 1946

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

Sep
19

Punishing the Political Activists

Punishing the   Political Activists

History of Tehri King Manvendra Shah-3

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 290

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1536

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

It was a hope that the administration under new King Manvendra Shah would release the political activists but it did not happen the way was expected.  Manvendra Shah lost the opportunity for amicable relation with the subject by not releasing the activists. On the contrary of people’s hope, administration declared punishment for anti-land settlement activists and reform activists as –

Paripurna  Nand Painyuili was sent for 11/2 years jail and a fine for Rs. 500.

Avatar Singh – Five years rigorous jail and rs.800 fine

Mehtab Singh – three years rigorous jail and Rs 700 fine

Same way, the court announced the  jail and fine for Dad Daulatram  and other activists.-

References -

1-Dabral S.P. Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 80

2- Karmabhumi, 4th December 1946

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

 

 

Sep
19

Restlessness among Citizens

Restless among People

History of Tehri King Manvendra Shah-2

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 289

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1535

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

Manvendra Shah got a rich kingdom but a restless Kingdom (dissatisfied People).  The Kingdom was in a shaky state. If there had not been the support of British Administration the Tehri Kingdom would have gone to other hands.

There was restlessness due to unemployment, famine, least agriculture aids from the state, low agriculture production, migration for employment, the outsiders being on high posts and Garhwalis were appointed for low cadre posts; high corruption at all levels especially in land settlement department and forest department (both related to the public dealing).

Manvendra Shah got the state where the administrative body was stronger than the King and the high level officers were not ready to listen the people’s grievances. From the time of Narendra Shah the administrative officers were anti people.

References -

1-Dabral S.P. Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 80

2- Karmabhumi, 15th October 1946

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

 

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