Apr
05

Bhavani Shah facing Conspiracy before getting Crown

Bhavani Shah facing Conspiracy before getting Crown

History of King Bhavani Shah of Tehri Riyasat – 1

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 147

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1385

By:   Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

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King Sudarshan Shah did a will that declared Bhavani Shah as crowned prince for Tehri Kingdom. British officials did not object too. However, the Khavasan or s2nd grade queen or  mistress Khaneti ji had strong opposition for making Bhavani Shah as King of Tehri. Khaneti ji wanted to make Sher Singh or Sher Shah (a son of Sudarshan Shah from another Khavasan or mistress) She took vow to make Sher Singh as Tehri King (1) .

The last five months of Sudarshan Sha were terrible and Khaneti ji did not allow Bhavani Shah and other to enter into palace barring Sher Singh.

On May 1859,  , Khaneti queen declared by a order (letter without signature but with seal of King) )from the side of king  that since Sher Singh  was her adapted son , Sher Singh was being declared as King of Tehri Riyasat (1) .

Dabral states by offering references of Minya Prem Singh and History of Garhwal by Hari Krishna Raturi , Sher Singh was wisest son of Sudarshan Shah.  Sher Singh had suporters in the court as they were – Shiva Nand Khanduri , Lakshmi Dhar Khanduri , Ramanand Nautiyal, Devu gairola, Uma Datt Bahuguna, Baishakhu Khajanchi, Shankar Datt Saklani and others (1).  All those wanted to make Sher Singh as King and opposed Bhavani Shah .

As soon as Sudarshan Shah died in night of 1859 May, Before the King taken to funeral place (Bhilangana , Bhagirathi confluence , Khneti ji and her supports coroneted Sher Singh as the King in night only (Dabral referring Tehri court archives) .It was announced that Sudarshan Shah coroneted Sher Singh as King of Tehri  before his death (2)

References –

1-Dabral S.P, Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 1 (new edition) , Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda  , (1999  )page  161

2- Minya Prem Singh, Guldast tavrikh page 276

Copyright@ B.C.Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com

 

Apr
05

ग्वील (ढांगू गढ़वाल ) में पूर्णा नंद कुकरेती की तिबारी में काष्ठ कला /अलंकरण

ग्वील (ढांगू गढ़वाल )  में पूर्णा नंद कुकरेती की तिबारी में काष्ठ  कला /अलंकरण 

 

ग्वील गाँव में भवन काष्ठ कला /अलंकरण  (तिबारी , जंगलादार मकान , निंदारी ) भाग – 3

Wood Carving Art and ornamentation in Tibari of Purna Nand Kukreti in Gweel (Garhwal)

ढांगू गढ़वाल , हिमालय  की तिबारियों/ निमदारियों / जंगलों  पर काष्ठ अंकन कला – 29

Traditional House wood Carving Art of West Lansdowne Tahsil  (Dhangu, Udaypur, Ajmer, Dabralsyun,Langur , Shila ), Garhwal, Uttarakhand , Himalaya

दक्षिण पश्चिम  गढ़वाल (ढांगू , उदयपुर ,  डबराल स्यूं  अजमेर ,  लंगूर , शीला पट्टियां )   तिबारियों , निमदारियों , डंड्यळियों   में काष्ठ उत्कीर्णन कला /अलंकरण

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गढ़वाल, उत्तराखंड , हिमालय की भवन  (तिबारी, निमदारी , जंगलादार   ) काष्ठ अंकन लोक कला ( तिबारी अंकन )  -  55

Traditional House Wood Carving Art (Tibari) of Garhwal , Uttarakhand , Himalaya -   55

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संकलन – भीष्म कुकरेती

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ग्वील को जसपुर, पूर्यत  की तरफ या बिजंरा  या बड़ेथ की ओर  से देखने में जो  कूड़  या मकान बरबस ध्यान खींचते थे (आज भी ) वे मकान थे सफेद कूड़ व जम्मुन का कूड़ . सफेद कूड़ ग्वील में ऊपरी जगह में जम्मुन का कूड़  अलग है।  आज  सफेद कूड़  में तिबारी का विवेचन किया जाएगा।

सफेद कूड़ (मकान ) पूर्णा नंद कुकरेती के दादा ने निर्मित कराया था किन्तु अब मिल्कियत बदल गयी है।

मकान तिभित्या (तीन दिवार ) याने एक कमरा अंदर व एक बाहर व पहली मंजिल पर दो बाहर के कमरों में दिवार न हो बरामदा निर्मित होता था व बरामदे को तिबारी से ढका या अकंकृत किया जाता था।  सफेद कूड़ याने पूर्णा नंद कुकरेती के मकान में भी ढांगू /उदयपुर की भाँती ही तिबारी है (बाद में इसे सीमेंट के जंगले  से ढक दिया गया था )

टीबार में चार स्तम्भ हैं व स्तम्भ तीन मोरी /द्वार /खोळी  बनाते है व किनारे पर स्तम्भ दीवार से नक्कासीदार कड़ी के माध्यम से जुड़े हैं।

पूर्णा नंद कुकरेती  की तिबारी में स्तम्भ शीर्ष में मेहराब या तोरण  नहीं अपितु चौखट नुमा ही है।  कायस्थ स्तम्भ का आधार अन्य तिबारियों के स्तम्भ आधार से अलग दीखता है व स्तम्भ पर अलंकरण में भी भिन्नता है , गोलाई कम अलंकृत है। स्तम्भों पर शंकु नुमा आकृतियां उत्कीर्ण हुयी है।  ब्रैकेट भी है जिनमे आकृति विशेष हैं जो ग्वील की अन्य तिबारियों से अलग हैं

स्तम्भ शीर्ष /मुण्डीर /मुरिन्ड में नक्कासी वानस्पतिक ही है किन्तु कम उभर कर आयी है उतना नहीं जितना स्तम्भ  में शंकुनुमा आकृतियां या ातमभ ब्रैकेट /दीवारगीर में अलंकरण।

सफेद कूड़ या पूर्णा  नंद कुकरेती की इस तिबारी  में कला अलकनकरण की सूचना आणि अभी बाकी ही है।  फिर भी कहा जा सकता है सफेद कूड़ या पूर्णा नंद कुकरेती की तिबारी की अपनी विशेषता है और कई रूप में ढांगू की तिबारियों से भिन्न आभास देती  है .

सूचना व फोटो आभार : मूल राकेश कुकरेती व सहायक सूचना चक्रधर कुकरेती 

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

Traditional House Wood Carving  (Tibari ) Art of, Dhangu, Garhwal, Uttarakhand ,  Himalaya; Traditional House Wood Carving (Tibari) Art of  Udaipur , Garhwal , Uttarakhand ,  Himalaya; House Wood Carving (Tibari ) Art of  Ajmer , Garhwal  Himalaya; House Wood Carving Art of  Dabralsyun , Garhwal , Uttarakhand  , Himalaya; House Wood Carving Art of  Langur , Garhwal, Himalaya; House wood carving from Shila Garhwal  गढ़वाल (हिमालय ) की भवन काष्ठ कला , हिमालय की  भवन काष्ठ कला , उत्तर भारत की भवन काष्ठ कला

Apr
04

CEO as Parents in the organization

CEO   as Parents in the organization

Guidelines for Chief Executive Officers (CEO) series – 32

(Guiding Lessons for CEOs based on Shukraneeti)

(Refreshing notes for Chief Executive Officers based on Shukraneeti)

By: Bhishma Kukreti (Sales and Marketing Consultant)

 

गुणसाधन संदक्ष: स्व्प्रजाय बन्धुवैर्श्रवणो यम: I

क्षमयित्र्य पराधानां माता पुष्टि विधायिनी II ( Shukraneeti 1. 78 )

As the father raises children for making them with powerful character same way the King should have the capability for raising the subjects very strong. Same way, the king should have quality of mother for forgiving the children (subjects). ( Shukraneeti 1. 78 )

CEO should behave as parent in the organization.

Usually following are the responsibilities of parents for their children and there is no surprising that the CEO ha same duties as roles of parents in following lines –

1-Parents see that their children are always happy and same way, CEO must see that employees and associates are always happy.

2-Parenting is not popularity contest and same applies for CEO that it is not necessary others should come or don’t come to tell CEO is good in his duties. That means the CEO should not wait for other’s approvals.

3-Parents control children and CEO controls the organization or Employees.

4-Parents should see that let the children do what they capable of doing . Same way, CEO must ensure that jobs /duties to each employee are as per their capabilities and not whims of the boss.

Mother is never super woman for the children. Same way, CEO is not a superman but human being and should ensure the protection etc. of staff.

CEO takes tough decision and not popular decision and same is case of a parents .

CEO offers individuality to staff as parents offer to their children.

CEO holds the staff accountable as parents do .

CEO or employees must go   with rides;

CEO Should do his best as parents do.

References-

1-Shukraneeti, Manoj Pocket Books Delhi, page 27

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

Apr
04

King Ashoka and Arboriculture

Ashoka and Arboriculture

Botany History in Maurya Period -13

BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –67

By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)

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There was definitely culture of public gardening before Ashoka as Kautilya described public parks and gardens and trees near road sides.

Ashoka paid high attention on arboriculture or trees, shrubs or perennial plants at road sides.

Mahajan describes that Ashoka ordered for planting of Banyan trees and mango grooves (road sides).

Ashoka engraved 14 rock edicts too (1)., 7 pillar edicts;  and minor inscriptions those show the works of ideal King Ashoka (1)

In 2nd Rock edicts, Ashoka states that-

I did dug wells and planted trees for humans and animals .

Ashok also mentions that along road sides, he planted (by order) banyan trees for shades to the travels and animals. Ashoka also ordered for mango grooves were planted for common people and travellers.

Ashoka was not first in this earth for initiating Arboriculture but (his forefathers were initiators as stated in Arthashastra) Ashoka was first to publicize his works boldly and historians write that Ashoka initiated Arboriculture or plantation on road sides.

 

References-

1-Mahajan, V.D. Ancient India, S Chand And Company, Delhi , (1998, ) page 298

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2020

Apr
04

Decision of Successor by Sudarshan Shah

Decision of Successor by Sudarshan Shah

General Characteristics of Sudarshan Shah Administration -19

History of King Sudarshan Shah of Tehri Riyasat – 146

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 146

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1384

By:   Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

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Sudarshan Shah was visionary. The son by Khaneti ji was Surjan Shah died at early age. Dabral assumed death in 1832 (1)

Sudarshan Shah made a will for successor and requested  to Governor General (Delhi) through Major Young  in early time of 1832 (1)  Sudarshan Shah sent letter  again to Governor General through Major Young ij October 1832 .  Sudarshan Shah did not change his decision

Since, Tehri Kingdom was not under British or East India Company, therefore, the will of Sudarshan Shah found valid by Lord Dalhousie in 1854 as Lord Dalhousie in  a letter (1) .

On that time, British officials did stop offering succession to adopted son of King under British rule or those kingdoms those used to pay tribute to British /East India Company. Tehri was never under British and never paid tribute to British.

The British official fund the will of King was valid that Bhavni Singh /Shah would be next King but Khavasan )queen) Khaneti ji has different plan or conspiracy

References –

1-Dabral S.P, Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 1 (new edition) , Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda  , (1999  )page  149

Copyright@ B.C.Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com

 

 

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