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History of Upper Caste in Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery

History of Upper Caste in Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery

(Garhwal me Kaun Jati Kahan Se Ayi aur Kahan Basi)
History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -54

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -299

By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

Historian Harikrishna Ratudi offered us the brief history of various upper castes came to Garhwal from 800. It is said that his base of history of Upper Castes was based on record from the day the caste person started offering Tax or other Panwar government records. As per his record, the following is briefest history of Upper Caste migrated to Garhwal from various places.
Rajputs Migrating to Garhwal
Caste/jati ka Nam Old caste/From where they came Year of Coming in Garhwal AD Original Village in Garhwal First person of the Caste settled in Garhwal
Panwar (Parmar) Parmar /Dhar Gujarat 888 Became King of Garhwal King
Kumar (Parmar ) Parmar / Dhar Gujrat 888 Younger Brother of king King family
Rautela Parmar/Dhar Gujrat 888 Family members of King King Family
Aswal Chuhan / ranthambhor /Delhi 888 Aswalsyun There is a proverb: Adha Garhwal Addha Aswal
Bartwal Parmar/Ujjain 888 Bardet Relative of King

Ramola Chauhan /Mainpuri 200 Ramoli NA

Caste —- —Old caste/Place—- -Year of Coming to Garhwal (AD)- -Original Village in Garhwal - -First or Main persons -
Chauhan —- -Chauhan/Mainpuri but Karmath ji says from Delhi - -Not Available - -Not Known - -Not –Known-
Minyan Rawat - -Suket and Jammu - -Not known - -Near Shrinagar - -Ram Singh, Dham Singh et all -
Dikola Rawat - -Marhattha /Maharashtra- -357- -Dikola - -Not known -
Gorla Rawat - -Panwar /Dhara Gujrat - -750- -Gurad – -Not Known -
Ringwada Rawat - -Katyur/ Kumaon- -1356- -Ringwadi - -Not known -
Bangari Rawat - -Bangar - -1605- -Bangar - -Not Known -
Butola Rawat - -Tomar/Delhi - -744- -Not Known - -Buta Singh -
-Jayada Rawat - -Near Delhi - -Not Known - -Jayadgarh- -Not Known -
Parsara Rawat - -Chauhan/Jwalapur Haridwar - -1045- -Parsari - -Not Known -
Farswan Rawat - -Mathura or Doti Nepal- -375- -Farau - -Not Known -
Bagdwal Bisht - -Sirmaur Himachal - -1052- -Bagodi - -Not Known-
Chamola Bisht - -Panwar/Ujjain- -1386- -Chamola - -Not Known-
Idwal Bisht - -Parihar/Hastinapur/Delhi - -1256- -Idgaon- -Not Known -
Khandwari Negi - -Haridwar - -545- -Khandwari Bichhla Udaypur - -Not Known -

Rajput III
Caste Old Caste/Place of Migration to Garhwal Year of Establishing in Garhwal (AD) Original Place in Garhwal First Person of the Caste in Garhwal
Bakhani Rawat Tomar/Masigarh 1422 Not Known Not Known
Mulani Bisht Kaintura of Kumaun 1346 Mulani Not Known
Padiyar Bisht Parihar/Gujrat 1243 Not Known Not Known
Pundir Negi Delhi/Saharanpur 1645 Not Known Not Known
Khunti Negi Minyan/Nagarkot Kangda 1056 Khunti Puran Singh
Sipai Negi Nagarkot Kangda 1600 Shrinagar Domichand
Khadkola Negi Kaintura Kumaun 1112 Khadkola Not Known

Brahmins Migrating to Garhwal
Caste- from Where came, Year of Coming to Garhwal, Settled First village , First person or persons

Nautiyal(Majkhola, Palyal, Dhngan, Gajldi ) Dhar, Ujjain Madhy Pradesh -889Ad Nauti Devidas was settled in Neelkanth (near Shrinagar
Maithani Gaud , Bengal 912 Ad- Maithana (Chandpur) Rup Chandra
Semalti Veerbhumi, Bengal 909 Ad Semalta Ganpati
Gairola Ady gaud 915 AD Gairoli Jaya nand , Vijaya nand
Chamoli South India or below Vindhyachal 922 AD Chamoli Dharnidhar, Harmi-Virmi
Thapliyal Adygaud , gaud Desh, Bengal 923 AD Thapli Chandpur Jay Chand, May Chand
Dimri Karnataka /border Kerla Most probably , first time came with Rawals of Badrinath Dimmar Ballbhadra
Dyundi Dyund
Kartwal Kadti ( malla Dhangu)
Parandiyal Parand uday pur
Khanduri Ady Gaud , Veer Bhumi Bengal 886 AD, Khandudi Sridhar and Maheshwar
Raturi Gaud desh 923 Ratyud Satya nand , Rajbal
Semwal Ady Gaud 923 Sem Gaon Prabhakar and Niranjan
Navani Gujrat 923 Naun
Hatwal Bengal 1002 AD Hatgaon Sudarshan , Vishshwar
Kothiyal Adi Gaud Koti
Bijlwan Gaud Bijju (Tihri ) Bijju
Sati Sati , Gujrat
Lakheda Ady Gaud , Bengal 1060 AD Rishilakheda (Rikhyad) Lakhed Narad and Bhanuveer

Bahuguna Ady Gaud, Bengal 923 Bugani Krishna Nand and Achyuta Nand
Dangwal Dravid, Karnataka 926 Dang Dharni Dhar
Dobhal Kanykubj , 888 Dobh Karn Jeet
Uniyal Maithli, Mithla (Bihar ) 924 Uni /Veni gaon Jayanand , Vijayanand
Ghildyal Ady Gaud 1043 Ghild Luthan Dev
Naithani Kany Kubj, Kannauj 1143 Nathana (Maniyarsyun ) Karn Dev

Painyuli Gaud 1150 Painyala/Ramoli Brahmnath

Mamgain Gaud, Ujjain Stayed in the village of mama

Kukreti Dravid Bilhat 1352 Jaspur, Mlaa Dhangu (Kukarkata ) Gurupati
Balodi Dravid, South 1343 Balod
Barthwal Gaud, Gujrat 1443 Bareth ( Malla Dhangu) Sury Kamal
Name of Caste Old caste/From where they came Year of coming in Garhwal Village in Garhwal First Person in Garhwal
Devrani Gujrati Bhatt 1440 Divran Malu and Talu

Dabral Maharashtra 1366 Dabar Raghunath, Vishvnath

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 26/3//2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -300

References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal; South Asian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal; Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal; South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal; Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal; Medieval History of Haridwar ; South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar; South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ; South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued…
Xx
History of Upper Caste in Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery; History of Upper Caste in Pauri Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery; History of Upper Caste in Chamoli Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery; History of Upper Caste in Uttarkashi Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery; History of Upper Caste in Dehradun Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery; History of Upper Caste in Haridwar Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery; History of Upper Caste in Tehri Garhwal from 00 to 1500 and Spread of Untouchability and Caste based Slavery;

  • XYZ

    i read from here that Garhwali Brahmins have originated from several Brahmin subcastes from many parts of India. Then why do Garhwalis say that they are different and belong to upper level. Myself a Kanyakubh Brahmin girl, fell in love with a Garhwali Boy (Bahuguna). But his mother objected as I am not a Garhwali. But I can seem Dhobhals are originally Kanyakubj and Bahugunas are originally from Bengal. Could you please put more light into this. As i struggled a lot to make the relationship successful.

    • Abc

      All humans are equal no one is superior or inferior.

      • MANOHAR

        hey, guys, forget these castaizam, who came from where nobody knows. Actully, In uttrakhand and himanchal pradesh, u can not find urs or anybodies history. This place is like a cocktail. kyonki, log apni jaan bachane hills ke tarf aaye. Koun kya hai yeh sub bhula kar. AAb life bachane ke liye jo jaisa kaam kar sakta thaa, aapne parivar ko bacha sakta tha karne laga. Jahan tak bramin, rajpoot, vaisya, ya SC hone ke baat hai. jo thode stand ho gaye pande lage unhone khud ko pandit kaha, kuch ne khund ko rajpoot, aur jo kamgar the wo SC kehne lage. So, forget everything yaar, live your life the way u want to live it. khooosh rahooo, jiyooo aur jineee dooo.. AISE BEKAR KE BAATAIN MAAT SOCHOO… MANOHAR

        • ANUP SINGH PANWAR

          मैं आप की बात से सहमत हूॅ। परन्तु यह कहना उचित नहीं होगा की उस समय जिसके मन में जो आया उसने वहीं नाम लिख लिया। ऐसा नहीं है। हा यह सच है की औरंगजेब और मुगलों के समय में लोगों ने अलग—अलग जगह से पहाडों की तरफ रूख किया और पहाडों में ही बस गये । परन्तु पहाड़ों में कही जाते ऐसी भी है जो मुगलों से पहले की है क्योंकि हिमाचल और गढ़वाल में देवताओं का निवास आदि काल से रहा है और पहाड़ों को ​देवी—देवताओं की भूमि भी कहते है । इसलिए प्रचीन काल से पहाडों में पांडवों के अलावा कही लोग हिमाचल और गढ़वाल में देवी— देवताओं के दर्शन करने आते थे। पांडवों ने तो हिमाचल में तप​श्य भी की है जो जगह आज भीम ताल के नाम से जानी जाती है । चमोली में बद्रीनाथ और केदारनाथ के दर्शन करने राजा लोग गढ़वाल में आतेे थे। उस समय में कही राज घरानों के परिवार से जुड़े लोग पहाड़ों आकर बसे जो की राजस्थान, गुजरात जैसी जगहओं से थे। अगर आप गढ़वाल और हिमाचल के कई राजवंशों का इतहास देख तो वह लोग राजस्थान और गुजरात , मालवा जैसी जगहओं से यहा आकर बसे है। उदहारण के लिए अगर हम हिमाचल में सरमौर रियासत की बात करे तो वर्तमान समय में वहां का राजा का समबन्ध जयपुर राज घराने से है और सरमौर का प्रथम राजा भी जैसलमेर से है । गढ़वाल और सरमौर के काफी राजाओं की शादीयां राजस्थान के राजघरानों में हुई है और उस समय में कोई शादी किसी की जात —बिरादरी देखे बिना तो नहीं कर देता होगा आज के समय में लोग जात —बिरादरी देखकर शादी करते है तो अंदाजा लगाओ की उस समय ​क्या—क्या नही पुछते होगे बस युही कह देने से बात तो नहीं बनती होगी की हम लोग मुगलों के डर से वहा से अकर यहा बस गये है और हम फला—फला राज घराने से है । फिर यह तो समान सी बात है अगर हम भारत छोड़कर विदेश में जा बसे तो हमारा इतिहास समाप्त हो जायेगा ऐसा नहीं है जब कभी हम अपनी शदी भारत में करेगें तो हमकों अपना भारतीय संबध बताना पडता है तभी कोई हमे अपनी लड़की देगा। हां अगर किसी अंग्रेज से शादी की बात है तो वह बात अलग है परन्तु भारतीय लड़की से विवाह के लिए हमकों उस लड़की के परिवार वालों का अपना सही—सही परिचय देना होगा । क्योंकि बात इतना कहने से पुरी नहीं होगी की हम भारत में फला जगह से है और हमारा इतिहास यहा है। इसलिए अपनी पहचान व्यक्ति एक समय तक छुपा सकते है परन्तु लम्बे समय तक नहीं।

          • Manoj

            Hi, My Name is Manoj Parajuli. I am Nepali and of-course Brahmin. My father used to tell me that my ancestor were fled from Rajastan when Mogal invaded India. They wanted to protect their families, especially women so they fled up on to the mountains such as Kumaon, Garhwal, and to Nepal in the same range of this mountains. that’s why Nepali and Garhwali languages, in some extent are same. Like hair we say.. Kapal, Salt.. noon… and many more. Though history even tells that Gorkha were here.. that shows that we are from same roots. do you have any book resources which proves this arguments????/

          • Shubham Singh Rawat

            well Nepal nd Garhwal already had people before our ancestors came here although it was us,whom came nd won and gave it the name Garhwal nd al the upper caste Rajput or Brahmin came from Rajasthan

          • Deepesh Singh Sajwan

            Oh you bloody fucking shitty asshole idiot garhwal already had people before you and all the upper caste Rajput & Brahmin came from Rajasthan but that was not you whom came ND won & gave it the name Garhwal. It was us the only one First Rajputs of Uttrakhand who fought win whole Uttrakhand.

  • XYZ

    i read from here that Garhwali Brahmins have originated from several
    Brahmin subcastes from many parts of India. Then why do Garhwalis say
    that they are different and belong to upper level. Myself a Kanyakubj
    Brahmin girl, fell in love with a Garhwali Boy (Bahuguna). But his
    mother objected as I am not a Garhwali. But I can see Dhobhals are
    originally Kanyakubj and Bahugunas are originally from Bengal. Could you
    please put more light into this. As i struggled a lot to make the
    relationship successful.

    • ANUP SINGH PANWAR

      All Brahmins are same but as we say that जैसा देश वैसा भेश। happening in your case . The boy belongs from Garhwali family and his family follows garhwali culture which is totally differ form the culture your culture therefore his mother does not want her daughter in law from non garhwali family……. It is all because of lack of knowledge and backwardness in India…….

      • Sumer Jam

        yeah if your elders want to protect their heritage they become backward..hahaha..

    • Not required

      If the Garhwali boy is restricted to the caste for the love you both have. Damn to it look for true one !

      Am also Garhwali Rajput boy but don’t buy this point sorry.

  • kunnu

    Hey,
    My self kunal singh rawat..
    And I asked my papa he told me
    We are “tariyaal rawat”
    We migrated from a village “tairi”,which is 5-7 km away from my village..chopdi
    -kunal rawat
    Dist. Pauri
    Patti- Banelsyun
    Block- kot
    P.o. – baherakhal

  • nirmal raturi

    What about raturi?……There is no information for raturi’s.

  • Dharmbir

    Please tell about jalal bisht rajputs there vansh and old cast gotra and where they came from

  • ANUP SINGH PANWAR

    मैं आप की बात से सहमत हूॅ। परन्तु यह कहना उचित नहीं होगा की उस समय जिसके मन में जो आया उसने वहीं नाम लिख लिया। ऐसा नहीं है। हा यह सच है की औरंगजेब और मुगलों के समय में लोगों ने अलग—अलग जगह से पहाडों की तरफ रूख किया और पहाडों में ही बस गये । परन्तु पहाड़ों में कही जाते ऐसी भी है जो मुगलों से पहले की है क्योंकि हिमाचल और गढ़वाल में देवताओं का निवास आदि काल से रहा है और पहाड़ों को ​देवी—देवताओं की भूमि भी कहते है । इसलिए प्रचीन काल से पहाडों में पांडवों के अलावा कही लोग हिमाचल और गढ़वाल में देवी— देवताओं के दर्शन करने आते थे। पांडवों ने तो हिमाचल में तप​श्य भी की है जो जगह आज भीम ताल के नाम से जानी जाती है । चमोली में बद्रीनाथ और केदारनाथ के दर्शन करने राजा लोग गढ़वाल में आतेे थे। उस समय में कही राज घरानों के परिवार से जुड़े लोग पहाड़ों में आकर बसे जो की राजस्थान, गुजरात जैसी जगहओं से थे। अगर आप गढ़वाल और हिमाचल के कई राजवंशों का इतिहास देख तो वह लोग राजस्थान और गुजरात , मालवा जैसी जगहओं से यहा आकर बसे है। उदहारण के लिए अगर हम हिमाचल में सरमौर (SIRMOUR ) रियासत की बात करे तो वर्तमान समय में वहां के राजा का समबन्ध जयपुर राज घराने से है और सरमौर का प्रथम राजा भी जैसलमेर से था । गढ़वाल और सरमौर के काफी राजाओं की शादीयां राजस्थान के राजघरानों में हुई है और उस समय में कोई शादी किसी की जात —बिरादरी देखे बिना तो नहीं कर देता होगा आज के समय में लोग जात —बिरादरी देखकर शादी करते है तो अंदाजा लगाओ की उस समय ​क्या—क्या नही पुछते होगे बस युही कह देने से बात तो नहीं बनती होगी की हम लोग मुगलों के डर से वहा से अकर यहा बस गये है और हम फला—फला राज घराने से है । फिर यह तो समान सी बात है अगर हम भारत छोड़कर विदेश में जा बसे तो हमारा इतिहास समाप्त हो जायेगा ऐसा नहीं है जब कभी हम अपनी शादी भारत में करेगें तो हमकों अपना भारत से संबध बताना पड़ेगा तभी कोई हमे अपनी लड़की देगा। हां अगर किसी अंग्रेज से शादी की बात है तो वह बात अलग है परन्तु भारतीय लड़की से विवाह के लिए हमकों उस लड़की के परिवार वालों को अपना सही—सही परिचय देना होगा । क्योंकि बात इतना कहने से पुरी नहीं होगी की हम भारत में फला जगह से है और हमारा इतिहास यहा है। इसलिए अपनी पहचान व्यक्ति एक समय तक छुपा सकता है परन्तु लम्बे समय तक नहीं।

    • ANUP SINGH PANWAR

      hi

  • Sumer Jam

    BLAH BLAH BLAH BLAH WE ARE GARWHALIS MORE BLAH BLAH BLAH WE ARE BHRAMINS..KEEP OUT LOOKING YOU WILL FIND SC/STS AND BACKWARD CLASS PEOPLE WITH BHARMINS NAME IN UTTRANCHAL….REALITY IS YOU CAN RUN BUT YOU CANNOT HIDE FOREVER…UTTRANCHAL SHOULD GET ALL THE NON BHARMINS KICKED OUT AND DECLARE IT A TOTAL SAFE HEAVEN FOR HIGHER CASTE AND ESPECIALLY MUSLIMS *MUST* NOT BE ALLOWED EITHER TO DO BUSINESS OR SETTLE HERE..

    • Abhinandan Godiyal

      Only complaining is not enough. We should start some movements, some revolutions, and aim at making uttarakhand only for the natives, that will be possible by making them pass the bill for the same law as they did in himachal Pradesh that any non-himachali can not buy land in HP. Do something if you are really a patriot .

  • shbhankar

    Hey guys tell me something about kumaon bora’s who are they where they come from, i have heard there are many villages in there name bora even in rajthan there is ‘Bora was ‘ in jodhpur mandor block ? Anyone please help me to know about them.

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