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Jun
26

Saran Massacre and Anglo Nepalese War

Saran Massacre and Anglo Nepalese War

Anglo Nepalese War with Reference to Gurkha Rule over Uttarakhand & Himachal -7
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -128
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -649
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
In 1811, Nepal King complained to the Governor General that on 27 January 1811, at nine Am, the Jamindar of Betiya (District Saran) Birkishor Singh sent 1600 soldiers with arms to Rautihat (Nepal) and killed Nepalese Subba Lochangiri, Jmeedar- Bhaktram, Bechu Singh and other nine Nepalese. Nepal King wrote that Nepal was capable for punishing Jamindar Beerkishor Singh (under East India Company) but did not punish due to relationship with the Company. Nepal King expected punishment to Beerkishor Singh. In between there was another conflict in the same region. The Saran magistrate informed to the Company that Nepalese were responsible for both the conflicts. Governor General wrote that they both should resolve the disputes amicably. Governor General requested Nepal King to depute two representatives to the place of incident those were aware the incidents (Cahudhari).
The Saran magistrate reported that Nepalese Subba and other representatives attack on villages under Company and they instigate citizens to come under Nepal court. Magistrate also informed that due to bad behaviors the people of Betiya might have reacted in defence but Nepalese are responsible for the situation. Magistrate requested for pardoning Birkishor Singh.
Nepal sent two representatives Randip Singh, Sardar Parushuram Thapa and Raghunath Pandit at incident place . Company sent Young as its representative. Before the inquiry was completed, Nepalese capture few more nearby villages from East India Company. This way, Nepal captured total twenty two villages from East India Company. There was no conclusion by discussion between Young and Nepalese representatives.
There was disputes between Nepal and Company for twenty two villages and border of Syuraj and Butbal. Nepal court and East India agreed to resolve those disputes.

** Most of references and details were taken from Dr Dabral

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 26/6/2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -650
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
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Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal

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History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal;
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Himachal,
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