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May
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Sadanand Kukreti: Garhwali, Asian Poet of Community Awakening

Sadanand Kukreti: Garhwali, Asian Poet of Community Awakening

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry – 13

Literature Historian: Bhishma Kukreti
Sada Nand Kukreti was a true Gandhian and social worker. Sada Nand Kukreti dedicated his life for lifting the community. His social worker instinct is always seen in his poems and story too.
Sada Nand Kukreti was born in a village Gweel, Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand in 1886. There was a primary school in Tankan near Gweel where he obtained early education.
He worked with Tehri Riyasat in revenue department for a couple of years. However, Sada Nand Kukreti could not adjust with corrupt atmosphere and he left the job. He shifted Pauri and joined Vishal Kirti and started editing the news paper. His editorial and poems were anti British colonial subjects. British authority did not like his editorials and he had to leave the job.
Sada Nand Kukreti came to Chailusain (Dabralsyun) and joined a Christian missionary school as a teacher. Peter was Father of the convent. Sada Nand Kukreti found that under the shadow of educating local people, Peter was busy in converting Hindus especially scheduled caste community into Christian religion.
Sada Nand left the teaching in Chailusain and took a vow to establish a Hindu school nearby. He along with Pasbola ji of Langur Patti , Dabral ji of Jalth (Dabralsyun) , Bisht ji of Judd (Dabralsyun) and local villagers of Kande, Kadti founded a primary school at Silogi hill, Malla Dhangu, Pauri Garhwal (height around 5000 Feet) on 2nd April 1923. Villagers of Kande and Kadti donated land to the school. Sada Nand Kukreti took the jb on his shoulders and started taking small –small donation from nearby villagers. He turned primary school into middle school (up to 7th Standard) by 1928. People used to call him Sant sada nand or Sapadak ji (Editor). Today, Dhangu, Dabralsyun, Udaypur, Langur people call him as Madan Mohan Malviya of Ganga Salan.
His social reform interests are clearly visible in his Garhwali poetries. Sada nand Kukreti published a poem in Garhwali magazine and a few in Vishal Kirti .
Following Garhwali poem is about nation love and the language is very simple.

जातीय भजन
जै जै स्वदेशी ! जै जै स्वदेशी ! (1928 की कविता)

रचना : सदानंद कुकरेती (ग्वील , ढांगू , पौड़ी गढ़वाल 1886-1937 )
इंटरनेट प्रस्तुति – भीष्म कुकरेती

हे देवि दे भाव तु मै स्वदेशी , हे देवि दे भेख तु मैं स्वदेशी
हे देवि दे भाव तु मै स्वदेशी , लाणों लगौणों सवि दे स्वदेशी।
सपूत तेरो जु सदा स्वदेशी , निभाव पूरो ब्रत जो स्वदेशी
निशेध भाव करि जो विदेशी , बिजै मनौला करि जै स्वदेशी।
प्राणीक प्राणू कि लगै जु बाजी , जै जो विदेशों कर साज साजी
गावो जु ध्यानो नित जै स्वदेशी , जै जै स्वदेशी ! जै जै स्वदेशी।
या देह निश्चै छुटली ही भाई , ह्वै जीर्ण कुत्तादिक की सि भाई
पूजी सदा पूज्य कि माँ स्वदेशी गाई बजाई जै जै स्वदेशी।
सो यज्ञ मा आत्म बलि को देइ , द्यो त्यागी दासत्व प्रभुत्व लेई
गावो सपूतो तुम जै स्वदेशी , जै जै स्वदेशी, जै जै स्वदेशी।
सेवा स्वदेशी कि छ धर्म्म भाई , यो ही सपूत जु गाई बताई
देई इनो ही तु सपूत माई , जै जै स्वदेशी ! जै जै स्वदेशी।
छै आदि शक्ति कि इबारे माई , जो भाव मैतूं अवतार माई
जै दैणा ह्वीं श्री स्वसुराज दाई , हे माई !गौं तेरि मि जै सदाई।

(‘गढ़वाली’ में प्रकाशित , 8 /9 /1928 )

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, May 2016
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  • RK

    Hi. Where can I get ‘Garhwal That’ by Bhishma Kukreti?

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