«

»

Apr
24

Maularam /Moularam: Distinguished Artist and Poet of Garhwal of Gorkha period

Maularam /Moularam: Distinguished Artist and Poet of Garhwal of Gorkha period
Disregard for Garhwali Scholars in Garhwal in Gurkha /Gorkha Period -5

History Discussion on Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal – 35
History of Gorkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -100
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -619
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram (1743-1833) was the father of Garhwal Painting. Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram witnessed Garhwal Shah Kingdom, Gurkha Period and British rule too. Before Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram, Garhwal King did not patronize Painters.
Two painters of Mughal School Sham Das and Kehar das came to Garhwal with Mughal Prince Suleman Sikoh (Son of Dara Sikhoh). Mogul Prince was sent back to Delhi with force of Aurangzeb. Sham das and Kehar Das remained in Shrinagar Garhwal. Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram was descendent of Sham das and Kehar Das. He created historical poetries about Garhwal Kingdom, Nepal Kingdom and then he wrote about British Period too. Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram was also painter.
Pradyumn Shah took back some part of Jagir of Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram thinking that Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram was faithful to Jaikirti Shah. Pradyumn Shah also took the Ganika (dancer or Keep) of Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram.
When Gurkha took over Shrinagar, Amar Singh Thapa and Hastidal Chautariya assured him for returning his Jagir and daily allowance. However, Gurkha did not return the Jagir or retained Jagir etc.
Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram reached to Nepal and met Nepal King Ranbahadur. Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram created poetry in praise of Ranbahadur awarded by precious gifts and ordered for retention of Jagir for Mola Ram. However, local Gurkha administrators of Shrinagar did not return Jagir and daily allowances of Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram.
Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram wrote poetries in praise of Nepal King Geervarnvikramshah and King Geervarnvikram Shah retained Jagir of Maularam (1808). Even then Gurkha administrators again stopped Jagir and other allowances of Moularam. Maularam went again Nepal and requested Bhim Sen Thapa for retaining his Jagir and allowances. Nepal Court retained third time the Jagir of Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram. The order was sent with Kunwar Beerbhadra.
When Ranjor Thapa and Kunwar Beerbhadra won the Mornai Fort of Sirmour, Maularam reached to Sirmaur and he praised both the warriors. Ranjor awarded Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram a horse and a Jagir of Panwatagaon. However, Maularam/Moularam / Mola Ram / Maula Ram /Moula Ram did not get benefits from Panwatgaon.
In 1811, Kaji Bahadur Bhandari and Dashrath Khatri stopped Jagir and reduced allowances of Mola Ram to half.
However, Maularam continued his poetic creation and painting
. Dr S.P Dabral and his son Dr Vinay Dabral also did research on and edited his book Garhrajvanshkavya and published in 1977. Learned History scholar Dr Ajay Rawat published Ganika Natika or Garh Gita in 1975.
In a note on Internet (Third Inning) , Dr Tolia mentioned that Dr Dwarika Prasad met Dr Dwarika Prasad Tomar descendent of Mola Ram/Maula Ram and had an opportunity see the following texts–
Mola Ram /Maula Ram Granthvali
Chaturmas Shringar Varnan
Uttarakhand Teerth Mahatamaya
Samudrik Bhasha Gyan
Baramasi Varnan
Manmanth Panth
Manmanth Panth Nirman
Manmanth sagar
Gyanmrit Kavya
IShwar Mahima
His book Garhrajvanshkavya and Ranbahadurchandrika m, Shamsherjangchandrika offer many insights about Garhwal History.
However, Dr Dabral informed that a few or six manuscripts of Mola Ram /Maula Ram are missing. Dr Dabral visited a scholar Budhi Vallabh Thapliyal for Mola Ram /Maula Ram manuscripts. Budhi Vallabh Thapliya got seven poetic Moa Ram /Maula Ram manuscripts including Manmantha Sagar from Baijnath Tomar, Shrinagar the grandson of Mola Ram /Maula Ram in1947. In 1948, Thaplaiyal exhibited those manuscripts in Pauri City. The poetries were written on Pahadi Kagaj (Hill Paper) and black ink. On 7th May 1972, Thapliyal informed Dr Dabral that since, there were some mistakes (spelling point of view) in manuscripts, Thapliyal handed over the manuscript to Gairola an Archeological Chemist of Archeological Department. Thapliyal wanted to check the authenticity of age of ink and paper. Gairola informed to Thapliyal that a person took those manuscripts. When Dr Dabral published Gurkhyani (Uttarakhand ka Itihas -5) , Gairola shifted to Bangkok.
There was historical account of Garhwal in Manmanthsagar.
Dr Dabral again offer another important information that When Gurkha/Gorkha commander Kaji Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat reached to Shrinagar in 1810, he met Mola Ram /Maula Ram. Basnyat heard the un- bias historic accounts in poetic form from Mola Ram/ Maula Ram. Basnyat was pleased and he offered gifts to Maula Ram / Mola Ram. Dr Dabral mentioned that Mola Ram /Maula Ram created a long poetry as ‘Bakhtawar –Yes-Chandrika’ and there were accounts about Gorkha Rule history in Garhwal.

** History, Gurkha/Gorkha Administration in Garhwal…Remaining part, read in next chapter

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 24/4//2015
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -620
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX
Reference

Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886 , Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Sharma , Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti

XXX
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha ks kumson psr Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas; Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Himachal, Uttarakhand
Xx

Copy Protected by Chetans WP-Copyprotect.