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Aug
19

Indian national Army (Subhas C Bose )

Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army by Subhas Chandra Bose
British Administration in Garhwal -341
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -361

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -1197
By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
In 1943, Japan was ruling on Myanmar, Indonesia, Malesia and Singapore etc. Japanese army stationed in Myanmar attacked North East India regions as Naga Hills, Manipur. At that time, Subhas Chandra Bose reached to Singapore too.
Subhas Chandra Bose Escaping from British Indian Jail
British Government captured Bose on 2nd July 1940 and put him in jail . and later on freed. Government put him in his house as house arrest on 17th January 1941 . He escaped from house arrest and reached Berlin on 28th March 1941 and met Hitler. Hitler offered opportunity to Subhas for founding Indian army from arrested Indians. He founded Indian National Army in France, Italy by arrested Indian soldiers by British enemy . There were many Garhwali soldiers too. Subhas Chandra Bose and Abid Hasan reached Tokiyo and from there he reached Singapore. Indians welcomed Subhas Bose and made him Chief of Indian Independence league (founded by Indians ) and Indian National Army. Bose offered a call ‘Dilli Chalo’ .
On 21st October, Subhas Chandra Bose founded a temporary government of free India. Bose declared war against British. Japan, Germany, Italy Crosia, Thailand Taiwan offered official recognition to the new government.
On 21st October 1943, Bose founded new government and announced his views through Radio announcement and declared war against British government. On 28th October, Japanese king welcomed Subhas Chandra Bose as chief of new government. In November 1943, Japanese government handed over Andman –Nicobar islands to new Indian government.
Bose divided Indian Nartional Army into different brigades naming as Gandhi, Nehru , Azad Subhas brigades .
The first battalion of Subhas Brigade of INA marched to Grom by train on 4th February . The objective was to free Myanmar from British army with the help of Japanese army. By March Subhas Brigade hackled African soldiers of British army . Subhas Brigade captured Madok region from British in May. Japanese army decided to return from there as getting back up was very difficult. Japanese army advised INA soldiers to return too. However, INA commanders decided to be there.
Since, British army was more powerful the INA could not get objectives and later on Japan surrendered before allied army .
Charu Chandra Chandola- A marvelous Garhwali Poet
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India,bjkukreti@gmail.com 18/8/2018
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -1198
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

History of British Garhwal, Education , Caste, History of Devalgarh Garhwal , ; History of Badhan Garhwal; Education , Caste History of Barasyun Garhwal; Education , Caste, History of Chandpur Garhwal; Education , Caste History of Chaundkot Garhwal; Education , Caste History of Gangasalan Garhwal; History of Mallasalan Garhwal; Education , Caste, History of Tallasalan Garhwal; Education , Caste History of Dashauli Garhwal; Education , Caste, History of Nagpur Garhwal; Society in British Garhwal. History of British Garhwal, History of Social Structure and Religious Faith in Chamoli Garhwal, History of Social Structure and Religious Faith of Pauri Garhwal , Education , Health, Social and Culture History of Rudraprayag Garhwal.

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