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Oct
12

Jivaka Komarabhacca: Example of Visiting doctor and Medical Education Tourism

Jivaka Komarabhacca: Example of Visiting doctor and Medical Education Tourism
History of Medical Tourism, Health and Wellness Tourism in Buddhist Literature and Buddhist Period, India – 5
History of Medical Tourism, Health and Wellness Tourism in India, South Asia – 36
By: Bhishma Kukreti (Medical Tourism Historian)
Jivaka Komarabhacca was the personal physician of Magadha King Bimbisara and Buddha. Jivaka Komarabhacca was celebrity of his time. There are many versions about life of Jivaka Komarabhacca – Chinese, Thai and Indian. Jivaka Komarabhacca lived in Rajgruha (Rajgir Bihar) around end of 5th century BCE. It seems that a prince raised Jivaka in his childhood.
Young Jivaka Komarabhacca went to Takksila University for studying medical science. Students visiting University outside of native place for studying medical science is example of medical Education Tourism an essential part of medical tourism.
In Takksila University, Jivaka Komarabhacca studied medical science under great or founding stone of six Ayurveda schools Atreya Punarvasu. Atreya encouraged Jivaka for studying and observations. Atreya offered same money to Jivaka after finishing medical science study for future medical practice. (Gunapala)
Jivaka came to Magadha and cured fistula of King Bimbisara. Bimbisara offered all the jewelry and ornaments of his all queens to Jivaka Komarabhacca as reward to Jivaka Komarabhacca became famous and became doctors of premium customers. No doubt, Jivaka Komarabhacca healed poor people without fees too. King Bimbisara appointed Jivaka Komarabhacca as court physician and physician for Buddha. (Gunapala)
Once, Bimbisara lent Jivaka Komarabhacca to King Chandppajoti of Ujjaini. Jivaka Komarabhacca cured the Ujjain King and got praise and monetary rewards . A doctor visiting long distance also part of Medical tourism (Gunapala)
Jivaka Komarabhacca visited Buddha various times and stayed with him too. From the place where Buddha used to stay Jivaka Komarabhacca used to travel patients and used to heal there too. Many times, Jivaka Komarabhacca cured Buddha too. Jivaka Komarabhacca visited Buddha twice a week.
Jivaka Komarabhacca is called patriarch of Healing. Thai people regard Jivaka Komarabhacca as the original creator of tradition of Thai massage (Thomas Gale) and creator of and Thai medicines too (Pierce). Thai people call Jivaka Komarabhacca as ‘Father Doctor’ ‘ or ‘King of Doctors’. Thai perceiving Jivaka Komarabhacca as father Doctor means his followers (Buddhists preachers’ expert in medical science) visited Thailand and taught Thienes the medical science. Visit and teaching medical expertise is part of medical tourism.
Tibetan literature suggest that Buddha sent Jivaka Komarabhacca for finding medicines or medical plants (Jivaksutta by Buswell and Lope, 2013)
In Japan, traditionally is believed that Jivaka Komarabhacca was teacher for bathing and its benefits to clerics ( Peter Grilli 1985 Furo , The Japanese Bat page 55 )
The life and works suggest that at the time of Buddha , Bimbisara , there was medical tourism of its own type and was very much developed too.
References
1-Gunapala P. Malalasekera , 1907, Dictionary of Pali Proper names , Vol 1, Motilalal Banarasidas Publishers, Delhi India, pages 957-58
2- Thomas Gale, 2005, Thai Massages , Gale encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine (web site )
3- Peierce Salguero , Jivaka Across Culture (www.piercesalguero.com)

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, //2018
History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India will be continued in –
, History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , North India , South Asia;, , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , South India; South Asia, , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , East India, , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , West India, South Asia; , , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , Central India, South Asia; ; , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , North East India , South Asia; , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , Bangladesh , South Asia; , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India, Pakistan , South Asia; , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , Myanmar, South Asia; ; , , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , Afghanistan , South Asia ; ; , History of Medical, health and Wellness Tourism in India , Baluchistan, South Asia, to be continued

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