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Nov
13

Gorkha Attack on Garhwal

Gorkha Attack in Childhood age of Sudarshan Shah
History of King Sudarshan Shah of Tehri Riyasat – 29
History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 29
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1255
By: Acharya Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
There was chaos in Kumaon and Garhwal from the day Sudarshan Shah took birth. When Sudarshan Shah might be five ix years old, Gorkha attacked on Kumaun in 1790. It is said that Harshadeva Joshi invited Gorkha for attacking on Kumaon that Mohan Chand is ousted from horn of Kumaon.
By help of Harshadeva Joshi, Gorkha captured Almora in February 1790 by outing Kumaon ruler Mohan Singh and Lal Singh and his uncle Lal Singh.
Gorkha planned a strategy for capturing Garhwal in 1791. Harsha Dev Joshi helped Gorkha for capturing Garhwal too. However, no Garhwali was ready for breaching his mother land as Joshi . With all odds the Garhwali people and kingdom officers were satisfied with King Pradyumana Shah.
Gorkha used to attack with flanking strategies on Garhwal Kumaon border regions. Gorkha attacked through Bhabhar Kotdwara and reached to Langurgarh (Dwarikhal and near Gumkhal). There was fierce battle between Gorkha and Garhwali soldiers in Bhabhar and Langurgarh. Gorkha soldiers remained stationed in Langurgarh for many months. Sirmour King came with army to Langurgarh. There was accord between Gorkha and Garhwal Kingdoms. It was decided forcefully that a ambassador of Garhwal would be in Nepal and a Nepal ambassador would be in Garhwal. Garhwal Kingdom had to pay for the both. Nepal government increased tax or Uphar amount to 9000. Nepali officers used to come for religious tour and Garhwal Kingdom used to pay the expenses. In reality, Garhwal kingdom was spending more than Rs 25000 on Nepalese.
References –
Copyright@ Acharya Bhishma Kukreti, bjukreti@gmail.com
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