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Jun
06

Botany Knowledge by Palaeolithic Men in Indian Subcontinent

Botany Knowledge by Palaeolithic Men in Indian Subcontinent
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent, Chapter -3
By: Bhishma Kukreti (Medical Tourism History Researcher)
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Historians call Palaeolithic era as Old Stone Age aging from 3.3 million to 11650 cal. BP. The humans started living in groups.
The Old Stone Men used stone tools and avoided forests. The Palaeolithic men of India are also called Quartize Men
In India, following sites re said to be Palaeolithic Sites (1) –
Madurai, Tanjore,Kadur, Nyamti, Taliya, Gunture, Godavari, Cuddapah and Bellary districts of South India . The Palaeolithic remains are found in Andhra, Telangana, Gujarat, Rewa and Bundelkhand (UP), Jharkhand, Karnataka Bengal, Bihar Orissa too (2).
Eating Habits of Palaeolithic Men in India
Indian Palaeolithic Men ate used stone tools as axes, spears, digging tools, circular stones, hurling choppers, knives, scrappers, hammers etc. (2) .
Human beings had knowledge of plants those were useful for food and shelter and human had knowledge of wood , branches, leaves, roots , twigs and their various uses for food, shelter, medicinal uses , poisons, sleeping medium , career medium , rituals, ceremonies etc. Indian Palaeolithic Men also used hard wood for tools as clubs sharp edged spheres (2)
The paintings were discovered from Singanpur, Raigarh Madhya Pradesh suggest that Those Men uses Bamboo brushes for drawing paintings. The red pigments snuggest those Men were having knowledge of plant physiology (making paint from plant organs) . Palaolitic Men of Indi knew fire uses and were Negrito Race .
It is right to state that basic Botany started with close association with applied Botany in Palaeolithic Period. (3). Hunting men had knowledge of Botany and Animal science for their survival and protecting next generation. By that time language was coined for conveying knowledge to others (orally). Botany started first from classification of plants and naming them and classification of plant parts in connection with their uses.

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References
1-Mahajan , V.D. 1998, Ancient India , S Chand & Company Delhi, pp 36
2- Mahajan , V.D. 1998, Ancient India , S Chand & Company Delhi, pp 37
3- Bir Bahdur et all (edited) ,2015, Plant Biology and Biotechnology : vol.1 Plant diversity , Springer New Delhi page 3
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bjkukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, June 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Myanmar; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Afghanistan; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Bangladesh; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Bhutan; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Nepal; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Baluchistan; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Sri Lanka ; Botany knowledge in Palaeolithic Period ,History of Botany of Maldives.

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