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Sep
15

Shukracharya: The first management Guru of the Earth

Shukracharya: The first management Guru of the Earth
(Guidelines for Chief Executive Officers (CEO) series -1
: Bhishma Kukreti (The management Historian)
Today, management authors cite examples of many Management Gurus. However, the first management Guru had been Shukracharya.
Mahabharata is the first recorded book that deals first time on King managing the kingdom. Mahabharata is the first recorded book that refers first time the Neeti or policy or code of conduct or management (mostly King or Kingdom officers or mangers).
In 59th Chapter of Mahabharata of Shanti Parva (After the death of Bhishma and Bhishma offering Management lessons to Yudhishthara) , there is discussion on Neeti or Policy or management science In that chapter, the narrator states that when in the earth there was loss for righteous deeds , Gods reached to Prajapati and requested him to bring back the Dharma (righteous deeds) . Prajapati create a Shastra that is Neeti Shastra (Policy, morality management) or Dandneeti.
It is stated in Shukraneeti book (1) that initially, Shiva created Vaishalaksha Neetishastra comprising 10000 shlokas. Indra condensed that Grantha and created Bahudantak shastra comprising 5000 shlokas. After that, Gods Guru Brihaspati condensed Bahudantak and created Baharspatya Grantha comprising 3000 sholkas. Later on Shukracharya ( Guru of Devils) condensed Baharspatya Grantha and created Shukraneeti comprising of 2200 shlokas.
Shukraneeti was essential for Kings to manage the Kingdom. From that time , other Kingdom management gurus as Vidur , Prahsar, Bhishma , Chanakya folloed Shukraneeti too. Today too, Shukraneeti is essential for chief executive officers , prime ministers, ministers, managers at various levels to follow Shukraneeti for managing the institution.
Shukraneeti deals with the rights and duties of the King (CEO); Rights and Duties of prince (second in command); Characteristics of Nation and King (Institution and CEO); Characteristics of friend and enemy; Resource management; Relationship between the King and the citizens (Relationship between CEO-staff- customers); Art and Knowledge; Common policies; King characteristics; defence mechanism ; army management (strategies) etc. All the above subjects of Shukraneeti are relevant today for all managers and CEOs .
In the following chapters, this author will offer teaching of Shukraneeti relevant to politicians, administrators, managers and policy makers at all levels in all institutions including UNO.
References
1-Shukraneeti (Neeti Vishayak ek Shreshtha granth) , Manoj Pocket books, Delhi , page Vishay pravesh 1-3)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2019
Guidelines for Chief Executive Officers; Guidelines for Managing Directors; Guidelines for Chief Operating officers (CEO); Guidelines for General Mangers; Guidelines for Chief Financial Officers (CFO) ; Guidelines for Executive Directors ; Guidelines for ; Refreshing Guidelines for CEO; Refreshing Guidelines for COO ; Refreshing Guidelines for CFO ; Refreshing Guidelines for Managers; Refreshing Guidelines for Executive Directors; Refreshing Guidelines for MD ; Relevancy of Shukraneeti for CEOs

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