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Oct
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Metal Age in India

Metal Age in India
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent -10
By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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Metal Age followed the Neolithic Age or Stone Age. There was transition between metal age and stone as acquiring speed of Metal uses by human beings was slow and stone tools and metal tools existed simultaneously. Even today, stone tools are in use in many regions. There are differences in uses of metals in different parts of India (1). In North India , human beings used copper replaced stone as new medium for producing ordinary materials as axes, swords, spear heads and other materials. Bronze and iron were introduced fter lapses of centuries all over world including India.
That is clear reason that there is distinction between Copper Age and Iron Age in North India .However, in South , Iron age replaced stone Age .(1)
It is said that Neolithic Age was from 10000- 5000 BC and copper age probably started by 4000 BC. The copper Age tools found are of 2000 BC. (1)
Iron Age goes back to 1800 -1000 BC in India (2)
Metal uses revolutionized human civilization including agriculture and horticulture and writing started because of metal.
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References
1-Mahajan V.D. 1998, Ancient India Page 39-40 , S Chand and Company Delhi
2- Tewari Rakesh , 2003, The origin of Iron working in India Archaeology online

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bjkukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, June 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Metal Age and History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Metal Age and History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Metal Age and History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Metal Age and History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

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