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Plants and Plant Classification in of Rig-Veda

Plants and Plant Classification in of Rig-Veda
History Botany of Vedic Literature, India – 2
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent -16
By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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Vedic Literature comprises of Vedic Samhita, Brahmins, Upanishads and Sutras.
The analysis of Vedic literature suggests that the compilers of Vedic literature were well versed with nature and there are terms of plant description along with plant classification too in Vedic i Literature. The Vedic sages collected information about forms, tastes and properties of plants. Majumdar cited 739 plants and over 250 animals mentioned in ancient Indian literature (1)
Classification of Plants in Vedas
Vedas classified plants broadly into-
Tress
Herbs
Shrubs
Creepers
Grasses
(Rig-Veda X 97, 15; i, 164, 20, 22 ; i , 161, 1 )
Aushadhi or virudh means medicines or healing power are and mentioned in Rig-Veda (X97).
Rig-Veda claims that Plants are lord of forests (Vanaspati)
The following pants were described in Rig-Veda (2) –
Plant Name —–Botanical name —————-Rig-Veda References
Pipal ————–Ficus religosa —————————–1 , 164 , 20
Indian Hemp —–Cannabis sativa —————————IX,61, 13
Indian Beech ———Pongamia glabera —————–1 , 53; X , 48, 8
Jackal Jujube———Ziziphus oenoplia —————-1,11; 2,6
Catechu Tree ————–Acacia catechu —————-III 53,19
Flame of Forest ———Butea monosprma —————-X,85, 20; X97,5
Banyan ——————–Ficus indica —————- 1, 24, 7
Silk Cotton Tree ——-Bombax ceiba —————————VII 50, 7
Indian mesquite —— Prosopis spicegera ————— X 95, 1 -18
Indian rosewood ———-Dalbergia sissoo ————–III 53, 19
Cucumber —————–Cucumis sativus ————VII 59, 12
Bustard myrobalan — Terminalia bellirica —8,86,6
Soma or Hemp
Aquatic Plants
Water lily ——————-Nemphaea alba ———————X, 10, 13
White Lotus ——————Nelumbo nucifera ————–X142, 8
Blue Lotus ————- —Nemphaea caerulea ————–VI 10

Grasses
Bermuda grass (durba) ———- Cynodon dactylon ——– X 16, 13, 134, 5, 142 ,8
Wild Sugarcane (Kusha) –Saccharum sponteneum —— X 100, 10
Grass of Lucky augury (Kusha) —Poa cynosuroides — X, 1, 191 , 3
Bengal cane (Munja) ———— Sacchareum munja ——–1,191, 3
Bermuda grass(paka durva) ——————————- X16, 13
Bengal cane (reed) ————–Sacchereum species ————-1,191, 3
Lemon Grass (Trina) Cymbopogon citratus ——————-1, 161, 1 162
Cogon Grass ( Ulapa) —-Imparata cylindrica —————X,142, 3
Bamboo( Vamsa) ——Bamboosa vulgaris ——————-1,10,1
Barely(Yubva) –Hordeum vulgaris —————————1 , 23, 13 and many times

References
1-Majumdar G.P. 1927 Vanaspati, University Press, Kolkata,
2-Krishna , Nandita , Amrithalingam M. 2014 , Sacered Plants of India Penguine Press
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants, Tress of Rig-Veda ,History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

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