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Plants, Plant Science in Atharvaveda

Plants, Plant Science in Atharvaveda

Botany History of Vedic Period in India – 3
BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent -17
By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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Atharvaveda was added to Vedic Literature (Veda) at later stage. Atharvaveda comprises of 730 hymns and 6000 mantras and is divided into 20 Kand(books )(1).
The books are divided into Prapathak, Anuvak and Sukto. Branches of Atharvaveda are Saunak and Piplad. The Brahman of Atharvaveda is Gopat and Upnishad are Mundak and Mandukya .

One sixth of Atharvaveda is derived from Rig-Veda (1).
Atharvaveda also divided plants as per their parts (AV-8.7)-
Herbs
Shrubs
Tress
Creepers and
Grasses
Ayurveda is the sub Veda or upveda of Atharvaveda and offers the information about the medicines, the herbs, metals, diseases, and treatments (2).
Kapil informs that Atharvaveda (10,7,38) mentions the constituents of plants as Moola (root), Tula (Panicle) , Kanda (stem), Valsa(Twing), Puspa(flowers ) and Fal( fruits ).

There are mentions of 110 plants in Atharvaveda (AV) (identified and non-identified and those plants were later stage, the Ayurveda literature put them in significant place as-
Apamarga (AV-IV17.6)
Arka
Arjuna(AV.-II8.3)
Ashwattha (AV-III.6.5)
Audumbara and other herbs (AV-XIX3.1.1)
Rohani (AV4,12) etc,
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Further, Atharvaveda developed the pant classification mentioned in Riga-Veda. Atharveda creators (Rishis or sages) classified plants into –
Colour (AV8.7.1)
Morphological Characters (AV- 8.7.4)
Habitats (AV- 8.7.9; AV8.7.17; AV -19.44.6)
Uses of plants (AV- ) 11.4.16; AV 11.6.15-16)
Use of Plants in various diseases and effects of plants on animals as boars, Snake, cows etc.(AV8.7.23-25)

Diseases, Applied Botany in Atharvaveda
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Atharvaveda describes diseases, medicines names, characteristics of physicians. (4)
Atharvaveda describes human and animal diseases, medicines made by plants and characters of medical trees, herbs, medical shrubs and medical creepers too. Atharv)veda also deals with geography related to medicines and plants.
That means Atharvaveda describes various aspects of applied botany as uses of plants for medicines, pharmacology
Another aspect about Vedic period is that Ayurveda (Life Science , knowledge or medical science based on nature specially plant based medicines) has taken shape in India (5)
References
1-Maurice B., 1886, The Atharvaveda, Harvard Uni. Press page 1-2
2-Satyakam Verma, 1984, Vedic Studies, Bhartiya Prakashan , ND, p.67
3-Kapil, R.N. Biology in Ancient and Medieval India, Indian Journal of History of Science Volume V, No1, pp 126
4-Atrideva Vidyalankar, 1960 , Ayurveda ka Vrihat Itihas , Hindi Samiti , Banaras , (Chapter –Atharvaveda me Ayurveda pages from 31- 63)
Atrideva Vidyalankar, 1960 , Ayurveda ka Vrihat Itihas , Hindi Samiti , Banaras , (Chapter –Atharvaveda me Ayurveda page 126
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Plants and Plant Science in Atharvaveda , History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

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