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Medicinal, Herbal Plants of Ramayana Period

Medicinal, Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period
Botany in Epic Age of India – 5

BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –27

By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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Varma studied and identified the medicinal plants described in Valmiki Ramayana (1) .The aim of Valmiki was not medical science or medical plant but he mentioned medical plants for showing the cultural and socio-economic life depending on plants.
Ramayana describes 21 trees/plants as Amrit (eternal substance or lifesaving item). (1)
Atrideva Vidyalankar (3) analysed Valmiki Ramayana from Ayurveda, medical practices and medicinal plants point of view too .
Atrideva (3), Varma (1) and Urmila Devi (2) identified and detailed the following medical plants described in Valmiki Ramayana –
(Valmiki Name, Hindi /Common Name, Botanical Name, Remarks if any )
1-Jambu, Jamun , Syzygium cumini
2-Priyala , Chirounji , Buchanani alonzon
3-Panasameasn , Kathal (Jackfrit ), Atrocarpus heterophyllus
4-Vata, Bargad (Banyan ) , Ficus bengalensis
5-Ashatha , Peepal, (Sacerd Fig) Ficus religiosa
6- Tinduka , Tendu, Diospyros melanoxylon
7-Amba , Aam (Mango) , Mangifera indica
8-Dhava, Balkiand /Dhaur (Ale Wood), Anogeissis latifolia
9-Tilak , Cinnamon tree , Cinnamom uminers
10-Naktamala, (Indian Beech) -, Pongami apinata
11-Nila, Fig , Ficus recemosa
12- Ashoka , Ashoka , Saraca asoka
13- Kadamba , Kadamba , Anthocephalus kadamba
14-Karvira, Kanhera , Nerium indicum
15- Surkata, Red Sandalwood,
16-Paribhadrakha , Mandar, Artocarpus heterophyllus
17-Malay Chandan , Santalum album
18-Parnas. Tulsi, Ocimum sanctum
19- Pippali , Pippali, Piper , Piper longum
20-Pdam, Kamal (Lotus ), Nelumbo nucifera
21- Kichaka Venu , Chhut Bans , Bambusa asundinacea
22- Arjuna, Arjuna, Terminalia arjuna
23-Agnimukha (Bhel) –Semecarpus anacardium
The purpose of Valmiki was narrating a chronological details of Ikshwaku dynasty through epic style and along the story Valmiki narrated medicinal valued plants too .
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References
1-Varma, Dipti, 2015 , ‘ Medicinal Plants used During the Period of Ramayana’, International Journal for Exchange of Knowledge , 2(1): 41-45
2-Urmila Devi, 2018 Valmiki Ramyan me Vanaspti vigyan ka anushilan , Varenya (Research Book ) (Edi-Somendra Singh , Research Scholar) , Utkasha Prakshan , Delhi , Pp-7to 16
3-Atrideva Vidyalankar, 1960, Ayurveda ka Vrihat Itihas , Hindi Samiti, Banaras, Pp 76-81

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter
Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Medicinal , Herbal plants of Valmiki Ramayana Period ; History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

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