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Feb
04

Medical Education and Training factor in Sushruta Samhita and Medical Tourism development

Medical Education and Training factor in Sushruta Samhita and Medical Tourism development

Glimpses of Medical Tourism in Sushruta Samhita -3

History of Medical Tourism, Health and Wellness Tourism in Nagavansha Period (176-340 A.D.) -4

History of Medical Tourism, Health and Wellness Tourism in India, South Asia- 122

(With Special mentions of History of Medicines in India)

By: Bhishma Kukreti (Medical Tourism Historian)

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Medical tourism starts or develops by a couple of important factors. First there must be availability of Vaidya or physicians or curing man or doctor, second there must be a patient to travel to the doctor and for becoming doctors , there must be arrangement for medical education or training for doctors (medical training or education school or centres) .

Sushruta Samhita indicates that there was satisfactory arrangement for producing doctors by medical teaching and training.

Sushruta Samhita itself state directly about medical training for producing doctors as King Dhvantri preaches /teaches medical science to his disciples-Sushruta, Vaitarani,  Aurabhra, Paushpkalavata, Karavirya, Gopurrakshit and others (1)

Vidyalankar Atrideva states that in Sushruta period, the medical teacher used to stay at his hermitage and students used to come there for medical studies and not as Charaka time when medical teachers used to roam with the students. There is preaching or teaching of medical science by Kashi King to his students at one place.(2)  It clearly indicates that students used to travel to medical schools or Guru for getting medicines or surgery  knowledge. The Students visiting to medical schools for medical knowledge is part of medical tourism at Sushruta period or at the present time too.

Sushruta Samhita or preaching of king Kashiraj to his students is more for surgery and surgery is more of action and cutting, dissection, sewing, binding injuries etc. The chapter ‘Yogyasutriya’ of Sushruta Samhita deals with training for surgery and advices for students to learn piercing or  by piercing the  gourds -as bottle guards,  water melons, cucumber etc.  (3) .Cutting should be practiced by cutting vertically , horizontally , diatonically by cutting the above vegetables. (3)

Sushruta Samhita states that penetration or bhedan should be learnt by needle penetrating the leather bags, water or muddy substances. (3). Same way, bendan or drilling should be learnt by drilling dead veins of animals and lotus roots.

The ‘aipan’ works should be practiced on insect infected wood, dry bottle guard, While Aharya or surgery should be learnt on jackfruits, bel fruit and dead animal teeth,. The sewing should be learnt on sewing clothes. The pasting and dressing should be learnt through pitcher or wood model and should learn using bases /acids and fire on soft flesh (Sushruta Samhita Yogyasutra 9-4) Translated by Vidyalankar (3) There is complete guidelines for learning surgery in Sharir Adhyaya 5/47-49 of Sushruta Samhita (3)

The above details are enough for getting indication that there was clear custom of learning surgery and medicines in Sushruta period and those factors are proof of medical tourism in Sushruta period

References –

1-Vidyalankar Atrideva   , 1960 ka Vrihat Itihas, Hindi Sahitya Samiti, Banaras pages -188

2- Vidyalankar Atrideva   , 1960 ka Vrihat Itihas, Hindi Sahitya Samiti, Banaras pages 192

3- Vidyalankar Atrideva   , 1960 ka Vrihat Itihas, Hindi Sahitya Samiti, Banaras pages 193

 

Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti, //2020 bjkukreti@gmail.com

History of Medical Tourism, health Tourism and Wellness Tourism and History of Medicines in India will be continued in next chapter –

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