Plant Taxonomy , Plant Morphology in Vrikshayurveda by sage Parashara

Plant Taxonomy , Plant Morphology in r Vrikshayurveda by sage Parashara

Plant Science in Vrikshayurveda by Parashara-2

Plant Science in Ayurveda Samhitas – 11

BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –108

Information Compiler: Bhishma Kukreti

In last chapter, the subject index of Vrikshayurveda by Parashara is already discussed.  V .Singh rightly states that Vrikshayurveda by sage Parashara is one of the oldest Indian works (1). However, it is better to state that Vrikshayurveda is not only oldest Indian works but oldest in the world that deals plant science first time with scientific manner.

Sage Parashara applied the classification of plants based on comparative plant morphology. Citing  the reference of s great scholar Majumdar G.P, (1946) , Singh and Jain  state that as per Majumdar the  system of plant classification in Vrikshayurveda by Parashara was more advance than ones developed in Europe in 18th century .(1).

There are a couple of example of plant taxonomy I Vrikshayurveda by Parashara that  by hearing the name mentioned in Vrikshayurveda by Parashara is still toady easily under stable. Parashara divided plants into ‘Ganas’. The flowers of Sami Ganyam is clearly under stable still today too as it means   hypogenous, gamosepalous calyx .five petals of different sizes and legume seeds on the sides. Same  way, Swastik Ganiyam measn the flowers are cruciferous as Swastik sign is cruciferous style too.

Tripusaganyam of (Vrikshayurveda clearly indicates cucurbitaceae (1).

Plant Morphology in Vrikshayurveda by Parashara –Parashara divided plants into following parts (VV1.1.14) –

Mula (root)

Kanda  /Skand (stem)

Patra (leaves)

Puspa (Flower)

Phala (Fruits)

Tvak/Twacha (Skin )

Sara (Heart Wood)

Swarasa (Sap)

Niryasa( Exudation)

Sneha (fats and oil)

Kantaka (prickle)

Vija (Seed)

Praroha (Sprout)


References -

Singh V., Jain DK, 2009, Taxonomy of Angiosperm, Rastogi Publications, Meerut, India page -7

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