Traditional House wood Art and Ornamentation in the house of Bamdev Dabral of Timli (Pauri Garhwal)

Traditional House wood Art and Ornamentation in the house of Bamdev Dabral of Timli (Pauri Garhwal)


Traditional House (Tibari, Nimdari, Bakhali, Nimdari, Mori , Koti Banal ) Wood Art of Garhwal, Kumaon , Uttarakhand – 177

Compiler –Bhishma Kukreti

This is the 177 episode of Traditional House  (Tibari, Nimdari, Bakhali, Nimdari , Mori , Koti Banal ) Wood Art of Garhwal, Kumaon , Uttarakhand where it will be discussed the traditional house wood carving art of Tibari fitted in the  house of  Bamdev Dabral of village Timli, (Dabralsyun , Pauri Garhwal) Uttarakhand.  Sukhdaev Dabral the grandson of late Bamdev Dabral is the priest   of Banseshwar Shiva temple   Timli.

Tibari means a wooden structure fitted outside of the opened Baramdah that is made  by combining two rooms. Usually Tibari is made of four columns and three Khwal or Kholi. The space between two columns is called   ‘Khwal’ or ‘Kholi or Dwar.   Usually, Tibari is fitted on the first floor but in many cases there are Tibari fitted on the ground floor too. Usually, the columns are made by the Tuna tree and in case of the Jaunsar and High altitude region, Tibari columns are made by Deodar wood. Both woods have longer life and even Deodar wood  can sustain up to 1000 years.

Now, it is time to discuss wood art applied in Tibari of Bamdev Dabral of Timli, Dabralsyun of Pauri Garhwal district.  The wooden Tibari in the  one storied (ground +first floor) house of late Bamdev Dabral is fitted on the first floor. There are four wood columns of Tibari and those are fitted on a long stone slab (Chhajja or balcony). The stone slab (Chhajja) is fitted on the floor and is 1and 1 ½ feet wide and the length of Chhajja is as of the house.

The corner column hat is along the side of the wall is joined by a wood column or shaft and the wood shaft is decorated or carved by spiral leaves or tendril.

The base of the wood column is on the stone base or elephant type stone structure (Daul) the dado. The wood column base or (Dabal or Kumbhi shape) is made because of descending lotus petals and above the ‘Kumbhi or Dabal’, there is a ‘Dyule ‘or ring type wood plate. Above the ring type wood plate or Dyule, there are ascending lotus petals above that lotus flower , the column width starts downing and it takes the  shape of a  bottle guard (that is the round base is wider than top ) . When there is least width of the shaft or column, there is a small descending lotus and above descending lotus, there is a wooden ring (Dyul) . above Dyule, there is an ascending lotus and from here, the column takes the new shape of a cricket bat base and reaches to the  lower layer of capital(Murind) .. From here, the half arch of arch also starts and by meeting with half arch of another column , it makes full arch. The arch of Tibari is trefoil shaped.  The top centre of the arch is touching the lower layer of Murind.

There is a multi-petal flower carved on each corner of the outside triangle of Arch. That way, there are three arches and six multi-petal flowers (looks like sunflowers) on the outside triangle of arches.  At the bottom corner of each triangle outside of the arch, there is a carving of three petal lotus flowers. It means that there are six three petal lotus flowers on three

The readers should make a note that there is natural carving on lotus petals of both types of lotuses of column.

There is fluting and fillet geometrical design carved on the shaft of the main column.

On the wood plate structure of the cricket bat blade of each column, there is a decorated bracket on each blade or wood plate that touches the wood structure above abacus.  The bracket is carved as a flower pollen stem as well as the neck and beak of a bird. There a small bird touching its beak to break of  the bigger bird. There is another bird carved on the neck or wing of a bigger bird (bracket) .The panache of big bird (on Bracket) is lotus flower shaped.  There is natural ornamentation carving on the neck of bigger bird.

There is one auspicious round metal plate or ‘Beej Yantra’ fitted on one bracket of Tibari.

There is natural carving on the abacus or Murind shaft.

Surprisingly, there is no any religious symbolic structure carved here on a Tibari (for avoiding bad eyes).

Tibari of late Bamdev Dabral of Timli would have been built around 1930. The builder of the house would be from local area (Dabralsyun) but wood carpenters might have been invited from north Garhwal (Uttarkashi or Tehri or Chamoli).

Conclusively, it could be stated that the Tibari come sunder splendid calls and Tibari witnessed glorious youth. The carving on Tibari shows that there are natural, figurative and geometrical motifs on Tibari.

**Photo and Information Curtsy: Ashis Dabral, Timli

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

Traditional House Wood carving art from Timli , ; House Wood carving art from Timli, Dwarikhal Block ; Traditional House Wood Carving art from Timli, Lansdowne tehsil; Traditional House Wood Carving art from Timli, Pauri Garhwal ; Traditional House Wood Carving art from Timli, Uttarakhand ; Traditional House Wood Carving art from Timli, South Asia ;

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