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Medical and Botanical terms in Brihat Samhita

Medical and  Botanical  terms in Brihat Samhita

Glimpses of Botany in Brihat Samhita 2

BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –125

Information Compiler: Bhishma Kukreti

N. Chidambaram Iyer offered the readers about medical and botanical terms extracted from chapters 7- 77 of Brihat Samhita as follows Appendix -8 (1) –

Name of Brihat Samhita ——————— Botanical name

Agara ———————————————Amyris agallocha

Ambu——————————————– Androspogan schoeranthus

Anjana —————————————— Antimony

Aragvadha ————————————– Cathertocarpus fistula

Ashwagandha ———————————- Physalis flexuosa

Cora – A kind of perfume –  Chrysopogon aciculantus

Damanaka ——————————– Artemisia indica

Dhana a plant

Dhanyala – ——————–coriander seeds

Drava —- —————————Myrrh

Ghana ————————————Hexastychus communis

Goksuraka /Iksuraka  —————————— Asteracantha longifolia

Guda ——————————— A Kind of bdellium

Haritaka ——————————- Terminalia chebula

Hiringuka —————————— The prickly night shade

Jatamasi ———————————–Nardostachis  jatamansi

Kapikacchu ———————————–Mucuna pruritus

Katuka ————————————- Trichosnthes dioeca

Kesara ———————————— Mimusops elengi

Kodrava ——————————————— Paspalum scrobiculatum

Kunduruka ——————————————- Resin of Bosewillia thurifera

Kushtha ————————————————  Costus speciosus

Lavaliphala ————————————————- Averrhoa acida

Lodhara —————————————————–Symplocos racemosa

Malaya ————————————– Sandal Wood

Manjishtha ——————————–     Bengal Madder

Mudra ————————————– Cyperus rotundus

Musta ——————————————- Cyperus rotundus

Nagapushpa ——————————— Mesua roxburghi

Nata —————————————-seed of Cassia tora

Patthya —————————————Terminalia chubhula

Satavari ————————————- Asparagus rcemosus

Spprka —————————————-Trigonnela corniculta

Tagara ———————————— Seeds of Cassia tora

Takkola ——————————–Pimenta acris

Triphla -        mixture of fruit powder  of Terminalia chebula, Terminialia Polyanthus emblica

Taruska ——————————— Kunduruka olibanum, resin of  Bosewellia serrate

Ucchata ————————————Cyperus juncifol

Usira —————————————–Andropogon muricatus

Vala —————————————– Andropogon  shoementhus

Vidanga ————————————— Ecrycibe paniculata

 

References-

1-N. Chidambaram Iyer 1884, Brihat Samhita    (freely available on Internet for readers)

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