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Aug
01

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Garhwali Soldiers in Indian National Army

History of Tehri King Narendra Shah -46

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 239

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1486

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

In World war II, alliance won the war against Germany , Italy etc. Japan bombed on Rangoon on 28th January 1942.  British Army had to run away. Japan captured Rangoon without any resistance.  Lakhs of Indians had to escape from Burma on foot. Poet Keshva Nan Jadali i had to reach India on foot too.

However, by summer of 1942, Allied forces started winning.

Indian National Army by Subhash Chandra Bose –

In 1943, Japan had rule over Burma (Myanmar), Singapore, Malaysia and Shyam.  Japanese army started marching towards Manipur and Assam. At this stage, Subhash Chandra Bose reached to Singapore. Subhash Chandra Bose founded Indian National Army by Indian soldiers working for British Army. INA founded by  Subhash Chandra Bose and Japanese army started attacking on Indian North East Front. However, Allied army captured Japanese territory in Pacific ocean and Japanese army could not stay in Indian territories.

Garhwalis in Indian National Army – British Army despatched Indian army to west and east fronts as well. There were two battalions of Garhwal Rifle in South East front.  Japan captured Indian army on 15th February 1942 in Singapore.  Japanese Army captured 1800 Garhwali soldiers at various places. Japanese army captured around 40000 Indian soldiers from east south pacific fronts.  23266 Indian soldiers and officers  joined Indian National Army and there were 2500 Garhwali soldiers among them joining INA.  Subhash Chandra  Bose appointed Captain Chandra Singh Negi  of Garhwal rifle as Lieutenant  Colonel of Indian National Army and handed over him the job of Commandant at Officers Training School.  INA appointed Subedar Devu Singh Danu as its Major and appointed Danu as Bodyguard Battalion of Bose .   Captain Buddhi Singh Rawat was promoted as Leutinent Colonel in INA

 

References

1-Dabral S.P.,, Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page  53

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

 

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