Tirtha Yatra Sudhar Vidhan (Pilgrimage Reform Bill )

Tirtha Yatra Sudhar Vidhan (Pilgrimage Reform Bill )

History of Tehri King Narendra Shah -79

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 271

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1520

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

Indians used to travel Garhwal as pilgrims in thousands. However, there was no suitable system for hospitalization of ill tourists.  Once, in  a year,  7146  pilgrims  died.  British Garhwal took step for establishing   hospitals and arrangement for medicines in the pilgrimage roads of British Garhwal after getting report of I C S officer G.F. Adam.  Adam or his committee members did not visit Yamunotri –Gangotri (as those were part of the Tehri state.

Princely state Tehri Garhwal passed a bill ‘Garhwal Rajya Tirtha Yatra Sudhar Vidhan’ in 1942. (20. The aim of reform bill was to administrate pilgrimage routs of Tehri.

According to new reform bill, The  priests as Panda, Pujari, of pilgrimage place has to get a minimum Karmakand education. The Kingdom arranges inspection of pilgrimage roads and Chattis of Tehri Garhwal. (2)

Chief Medical officer was made the in charge of Necessary arrangement for health of tourists.  Kingdom freed tax of a few villages for the Sadavrat (free food for pilgrims)  and ritual performances  of important temples.  Garhwal Kingdom made rules for Sadavrat too and put penalties for those not abiding rules.

New measures were taken for encouraging capable Pande and other priests of famous temples too. (4)



1-Dabral S.P. Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 77

2-Garhwal Rajya Sudhar –Vidhan   p 1

3- Garhwal Rajya Sudhar -Vidhan  p 43-44

4- Durgadauti,  Narendraansha Kavya p304

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020


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