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Sep
16

Other Reasons for People’s Dissatisfaction

Other Reasons for People’s Dissatisfaction

History of Tehri King Narendra Shah -84

History of Tehri Kingdom (Tehri and Uttarkashi Garhwal) from 1815 –1948- 276

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) – 1525

By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

There were other reasons for people’s dissatisfaction in Tehri Kingdom.

There was sizable increase in literacy.  There were 100 Government Primary schools and 160 private schools out of 260 Primary Schools in the state. It was essential for private school to register the school in beginning by paying fees for Rs. 15.  The villagers had to spend money for building etc. There was scarcity of teachers to. The state used to provide teachers with difficulty. (2)

Hard Rules for Land sales and Purchase-

There were very hard rules for land sales and purchase in the state.  The people had to pay hefty commission to the government and hefty bribery too for selling the land. Karmabhumi reported (3) that farmer had to pay 34 % the land selling price as commission to the state.

 

There were taxes on wine production and gambling. The state was pleased for the sales increase of wine and turnover on gambling. . The state used to offer gambling on contract to outsider.

Dissatisfactions among people by forest administration-

There high restlessness by new and newer rules about forestry.  The government used to sell tress at lower rates to the contractors than villagers. The Government used to take penalties from the nearby villages for forest the fire.  The same forest wood was costlier in Tehri Garhwal than Haridwar.

Government not supporting Famine  hit people

Garhwal has water sources but many times, there is scarcity of rainfall in the region that used to created famine.  In 1940, there was heavy hailstorm and people lost standing crops. The Tehri administration never too decision to support people in need. The Kingdom did not offer tax free too.

Export and Import Tax –

People were dissatisfied on export and import tax too.

Government sold the road on contracts for running buses for public. The Bus contractors were more interested in increasing income than services to the travellers.

The state police was more active in catching the freedom activists than paying little bit attention of protecting the people.  There used to be murder in main centres but police never took those incidents seriously.

The political agent toured Tehri Garhwal from 15th January to 18th January 1941 and 8th February to 11th February 1941. The police too care that dissatisfied people could not reach to the Political Agent of British government.

Opening of High Court – The high court offered a punishment to a criminal for death by hanging .This was first decision by court to hang a criminal till death.

Bara –begar or free labour for Officials.  As per government gazette the free labour from the villagers was stopped but in villages Patwari and police were regularly using villagers for labour. People were dissatisfied by the system too.

Government was appointing outsiders on higher post of the state services. This was also a dissatisfying point. (1)

 

References

1-Dabral S.P. Tehri Garhwal Rajya ka Itihas Bhag 2 (new edition), Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, (1999) page 80

2-Karmabhumi 31st March, 1941

3- Karmabhumi 31st March, 1941

4- Karmabhumi 1st November 1946

5- Karmabhumi 19th September  1939

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

 

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