«

»

Dec
03

Types of soil in Amarkosha

 

Types of soil in Amarkosha

Agriculture Science in Amarkosha Lexicon -

Plant Science / Botany in Classic Sanskrit Literature

BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –153

Information Collection and Compilation: Bhishma Kukreti

s= Half अ /आधा अ फलो

-

There are references of Agriculture science in Amarkosha too.  There is agriculture subject in Aushadhivarga, Bhumivarga and Vaisyavarga (2).

In Vaisyavarga, there are two words those are connected to agriculture-

भूमिस्पृश/ Bhumisprisha – that who  touches (cultivates) the  land

क्षेत्रजीव /Kshetrajiva =  The husbandman or living on land (cultivation) .

The classification of Soil in Bhumivarga of Amarkosha –

The soil classification/nomenclature by fertility is as under –

मृतिका /Mritika – Soil

मृतसा/ mritasa – excellent soil

उर्व्वरा/urvara – A  fertile soil  with every crop

Or

सर्वशसाध्या/Sarvashsadhya- A  fertile soil  with every crop

क्षार मृतिका /Kshar Mritika  -Salty soil

उषवानूषर Ushavanur – A spot of such soil

अनुर्वरा/Anurvara -  Barren soil

मरु /Maru- A region devoid of water

अप्रहते खिले/Aprahate Khile- Waste land

नदी मात्रिका /Nadi Mitrika – Soil watered by river

देव मात्रका ?Dev Matrika – soil watred by rain

 

 

 

References

1-Amarakosha compiled by B. L. Rice edited by N Balsubramanya 1970,

2- Girija Prasanna Majumdar , 1925, Vanasptai, Plants and Plant Life as in Indian Treatise and Traditions , University of Calcutta .

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, 2020

 

 

Copy Protected by Chetans WP-Copyprotect.