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Dec
04

Types of Trees in Amarkosha

Types of Trees in Amarkosha

Plant Science vocabulary in Amarkosha – 2

Plant Classification in Amarkosha – part – 3

Plant Science / Botany in Classic Sanskrit Literature/

BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent –153

Information Collection and Compilation: Bhishma Kukreti

s= Half अ /आधा अ फलो

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India had developed a concise vocabulary for Botany at the time of Amarkosha compilation.  The following vocabulary is important for the plant science /botany students to know about Botany vocabulary in Amarkosha compilation period-

Types of trees in Amarkosha –

वृक्षो महीरूह शाखी विटपी पादपस्तरु ( अमरकोश 2.4.5.2)

वृक्षो – Vriskha – Trees

महीरूह  – Mahiruh – Huge trees

शाखी – with Branches

विटपी- As Fig tree or Shade provider trees

पादप –plant (small size )

तरु – Tree (mostly tree having  fruits

वानस्पत्य: फलै: पुष्पात्तैरपुष्पाद्वनस्पति ( Amarkosha, 2.4.6.1 )

Trees (Vanaspati) with flowers and fruits

Trees (Vanaspati) with fruits but without flowers

वंध्योsफलोsवकेशी च फलवान्फलिन: फली (AK 2.4.7.1 )

Fruitless Tress – Infertile, without fruits, No fertility or holiday from fruits, Avkeshin = Most probably infertile

Trees with fruits –Fruitful, trees yielding fruits and pods

Types of trees with blooming flowers in Amarkosha (प्रफुलित वृक्ष )  –

प्रफुल्लोत्फुल्लसंफुल्लव्याकोशविकचस्फुटा:  (2.4.8.1)

प्रफुल्ल /Prafull  – Shinning or covered with blossoms

उत्फुल्ल Utfull -  Efflorescent

सम्फुल्ल- fully developed flower

व्याकोश – ??

विकच – Irrational

स्फुट –Miscellaneous/ assorted

Types of Flowered trees as per Amarkosha -

फुल्लश्चै ते विकसते सयुरवंध्यादयस्त्रिषु (2.4. 8.2)

फुल्ल – with flower

विकसत – well developed

Trees without leaves described in Amarkosha –

Trees with Short branches having roots

स्थाणुर्वा ना ध्रुव: शंकुर्ह्र्स्वशाखाशिफ़  क्षुप: (2.4.8.2)

Means – Small plant, or branchless tree

Plants without Shoulders/branches in Amarkosha

अप्रकांडे स्तम्बगुल्मौ  व्रततिर्लता (2.4.9,1)

अप्रकांडे= not spread

स्तम्बगुल्मौ      Stump and   creepers

व्रततिर्लता = Spreading  creeper

लता प्रतानिनी वीरुद्गुल्मिन्युलप इत्यपि (4.9.2)

नगाद्यारोह उच्छ्राय उत्सेधश्चोच्छ्रयश्च (स:)) ( 2.4.10.1)

Height of trees

उच्छ्राय , Ucchrya – Upliftment

उत्सेध = Elevation /Prominence

 

अस्त्री प्रकांड: स्कन्ध: स्यान्मूलाछ्शाखावधिस्तरो   ( 2.4.10.2)

 

Parts of tree –

मूल – Moola – Root

स्कन्ध –  सक्न्धा (literal meaning shoulder ) Big stem

शाखा –Shakha – branches

समे शाखालते स्कन्धशाखाशाले शिफाजटे  (2.4. 11. 1)

शाखा /Branch-  शाखा branch, लता  creeper

स्कन्ध शाखा=  Main Branch

शिफा = whip,

जटा =  Coiled hair

Like this , there are description of plants in Amarkosha

 

References

1-Amarakosha compiled by B. L. Rice edited by N Balsubramanya 1970,

2- Portal of Sanskrit. Today, sanskrit.today/amarkosha – vanaushadivarga/ posted  on  August 2019 ,  accessed on 25 November 20120

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