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Aug
15

Effects of Khas, Kanaiti , Kaintura , Vedic Cultures and Nathpanthi Philosophy on Garhwali Folk Drama

Garhwali Folk Drama

Effects of Khas, Kanaiti , Kaintura , Vedic Cultures and Nathpanthi Philosophy on Garhwali Folk Drama

Bhishma Kukreti

There is clearly effects of cultures Khas, Kanaiti, Sanitaria , Vedic and Nathpanthi philosophy on Garhwali Folk drama (Dance, songs, and performances)

As per records initialy Khas settled in Garhwal, Kanaiti kingdom came in power after Khas dynasty and later on Kainturas took ove Garhwal and Kumaun before Panwar dynasty took over Garhwal.

There is a folk drama (mixture of songs, dance and performance) called Kula char . Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal in his famous book Garhwal ke Nrity-Geet , provided references that Kainturai kings and earlier kings (Thakurai etc) used to call Aunji/Das (Drum play experts) and used to listen Kulachar or Manglachar .

Kulachar or manglachar is praising the king in poetic style. This type of praise is necessary for enhancing self esteem .

The hymns of Rig-Veda , Atharv -Veda or other Vedas are nothing but the literature of enhancing self esteem as

” हे ! शत्रु की सेनाओ ! बृहस्पति, सविता देवी, अर्यमा, भग, और अश्वनी कुमार तुम्हें इन फेंके हुए बन्धनों में डालें . मै दूर या पास की शत्रु सेना को पाशों में जकड़ता हूँ . श्रेष्ठ या निकष्ठ एवम मध्यवर्ती सेना को भी मै पाशो में जकड़ता हूँ ”

(अथर्व वेद ६:१०३, ऋषि: उन्मोचन, देवता: ब्रिह्स्पतिदयो मंत्रोक्ता, छंद; अनुश्पुष्ट )

This hymn is nothing but an autosuggestion oriented song . This style of Vedic style is altered in Khas, Kanaiti and sanitaria kingdoms and later on it remains till date

When , Nathpanthi started influencing elite and common men the folk literature creator (das and Auji etc) altered the Gorakhnath’s saying from braj language to make suitable for Garhwali common men or Garhwali folk literature creator did Garhwalization of Braj language Nathpanthi literature

Das-Auji sing the following Kulachar/manglachar song in the month of Chait and visits their Thakur ‘s house )master’s house) and praise them. The following Manglachar or Kulachar folk drama song demonstrate the simplicity and fundamental need of praise of Khas, Kanaiti and Kainturai culture and style of Vedic culture together The Braj or Hindi words in these types of folk songs are because of Nathpanthi literature .

मंगलाचार, मंगलाचार, बड़ा सरकार , बड़ा दरबार

राजा मुहल्ली, राजा मुस्सदी, जुग जुग जियें राजाधिराज

पुरबी , पछमी, घाट को राज बढ़े

उत्तरी दखणी घाट को राज बढ़े

बेटी-बेटा को राज बढ़े , नाती पुतान को राज बढ़े

कुल का देवता सब पर नेह करे

दाता धाता गुणो से भरपूर कर

ग्यानी पंडित सदा गरीव रए

छतरी को हाथ सदा रक्छा को शश्त्र रए

चखळ पखळ जागीर मा

जै सिद्दी ठाकुरों जै जै कार सामन्य ठाकुरों सामन्या

The word Thakuro is the symptom of Kanaiti and Kainturai culture and language

Songs taken from from Keshav Anuragi’s ‘Nad Nandani via Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal

Copyright Bhishma Kukreti, ckukreti@gmail.com

  • abhishek

    it was katyuti kingdom that ruled kahsmir to mid nepal not kaintur right name katyur

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