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May
18

Amoghbhuti: the Most Eminent Kuninda/Kulinda King of 100BCE

Amoghbhuti: the Most Eminent Kuninda/Kulinda King of 100BCE

History of Garhwal, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) – Part 46

Historical Aspects of Ancient communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas-43

Political, Religious, Economical and Historical Characteristics of Kunindas/Kulindas Rule in Uttarakhand (200BCE-400AD) -3

(All the History write ups are dedicated to great Historians Hari Krishna Raturi, Badri Datt Pandey and Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral)

By: Bhishma Kukreti

Amoghbhuti Kuninda Coins
The hoards of Kuninda/Kulinda coins are found from Garhwal and Kumaon ( Sumari, Bhattisera and Devalgarh (Pauri Garhwal), Athoor, Tehri Garhwal , Purola, Uttarkashi, Kashipur, Nainital and Almora ) apart from other places too. The coins of Amoghbhuti are important. The historian Dr. Gupta states that Amoghbhuti stands for Amogh and Bhuti the names of Shiva.
It seems the Kuninda kingdom was extended from Sutlej, Jwalmukhi, Ambala, Saharanpur, Garhwal and Kumaon.

Contemporary Rules at the time of Kuninda King Amoghbhuti Rule
The historians guess that Kuninda King Amoghbhuti got the throne around 100BCE. Panchal, Ayodhya, Kaushambi, Mathura were free from Patliputra Kingdom.
It seems that up to certain extent, though weakened, there was Greek rule (grandson of Menander, Appolophanes) over West of Yamuna, Shimla. Even, the Yaudhedhey were under Greece warriors.
At this time only, Yaudheya republicans freed south-western Yamuna valley and Amdumbar republicans freed lower Sutlej and lower Vyas Valley from Greece warriors. While, Kuninda king Amoghbhuti freed the regions of central Himalayan hills that is from Vyas , Satluj Yamuna , Garhwal, Kumaon including Saharanpur.
The coins found of this Age proof that these three republicans freed their respective territories from Greece at the same time. The Audumbar king was Gharghoss at the time of Kuninda King Amoghbhuti.
The silver coins of Kuninda (Amoghbhuti) and Audumbar republic of this time resemble with coins of Appolophanes in terms of symbols, scripts and manufacturing styles.

Ruling Time of Kuninda King Amoghbhuti

The silver coins of Amoghbhuti, Dhanabhuti of Kunindas; Gharghosh of Audumbar republicans were found together in a failed of Jwalamukhi of Himachal Pradesh. There is disagreement among historians about rule time of Kuninda King Amoghbhuti, historian Dabral suggest the timing around 100BCE. It seems that he died near 60BCe at the age of seventy.

Geographical Regions of Kuninda King Amoghbhuti

It seems the rule of Kuninda King Amoghbhuti was from Himachal, Srugh (Sugh) of Haryana, part of Garhwal and part of Kumaon. It might be that the ruled through republic representation as Asoka and Shunga ruled Uttarakhand though republic kings as their governors.
Amoghbhuti showed him as Maharaj on his cons. Amoghbhuti paid much attention of Maharaja than Kunindas words
Economic Development

Amoghbhuti was wise statesman as he publicized him as ‘Maharaja’. He spread his coins beyond his Kuninda rule. The spread of Kuninda coins as in Mathura means the spread of economic supremacy. His coins were competing with Greece coins. His capital was well connected with Sakal, Mathura, Ahichhatra, Sthanvaneshwar, Tamas (Upper Himachal and Shimla) , Tangan (Bhotiya region) Rank regions of Nepal and Kumaon. It seems the region of Amoghbhuti was running on the path of other Indian regions that is rise of mercantile communities.

Scythian (Shaka) Invasion and Kuninda Kingdom
Scythians of Iran also invaded North West India. They latter were absorbed into Indian communities. It is guessed that Scythians captured Mathura around 60 BCE. Srughana was nearer to Mathura and the road was easy too due to commercial attachment. Scythians also captured Kuninda of Srughana (Sugh, Haryana). That means the ruling time of Amoghbhuti was up to 600 B.C.E. or nearer.
Due to attack of Scythians on Mathura and latter on Srughana; the Kunindas shifted the capital towards east.
Scythians and later on Kushan rulers replaced the coins of Kuninda and introduced their own coins.

Personality of Amoghbhuti

Amoghbhuti was famous king of central Himalayan region. Many historians of his time wrote about Amoghbhuti. It seems he ruled the regions of Garhwal- Kumaon (Ranku, Atrey (govishan), Tangan, Bhardwaj); Srughna, Tamas ( Saharanpur, part of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. He was brave and wise, well versed about diplomacy, influencing factors of administration, foreign policies and economic policies.
The Kuninda king Amoghbhuti was expert of economics and knew the challenges and strategies of commerce. The Kuninda king Amoghbhuti was clever enough for understanding the contemporary characteristics of his neighboring regions.
The Kuninda King Amoghbhuti took clue from Greece kings for manufacturing his own Kuninda coins but he Indianite or indigenized them as per his own needs.
An Art Lover Kuninda King Amoghbhuti
The coins of Kuninda king Amoghbhuti are proof that he was art lover. The exclusiveness on his coins among other contemporary king coins show that Kuninda king Amoghbhuti knew or was well versed about the factor and importance of exclusivity, individuality.

The history speaks that after Kuninda King Amoghbhuti Kuninda rule was over from Haryana and major parts of Himachal Pradesh and Kuninda kingdoms/republicans were limited to hills of Uttarakhand.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 18/05/2013
(The write up is aimed for general readers)

History of Garhwal – Kumaon (Uttarakhand) to be continued… Part -47
Ancient communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas- to be continued…44
Political, Religious, Economical and Historical Characteristics of Kunindas/Kulindas Rule in Uttarakhand (200BCE-400AD) –to be continued…4

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