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Jun
21

Historical Aspects of Kumaon, Garhwal, Haridwar (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Period (500-647) –part-2

Historical Aspects of Kumaon, Garhwal, Haridwar (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Period (500-647) –part-2

History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar (Uttarakhand) – Part 78
(Classical Age History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar (Uttarakhand))

By: Bhishma Kukreti

Personality of Harshavardhana

Harshavardhana is called one of the great rulers of India.
There was peace and strong administration in north India in his time.
Harshavardhana was an energetic ruler and frequently used to travel himself to check the administration. Harshavardhana was a man of considerable literary interest and talents.
There was development in trade and commerce in his regime.
Harshavardhana tried to rejuvenate Buddhism.
Harshavardhana was a religious person who also administrated personally the Prayag Mahakumbh.
Harshavardhana was donor by nature.
Harshavardhana was a winner but was not a creator of big Kingdom as Mauryas or Guptas.

Uttarakhand in Harshavardhana Time

There are no inscriptions, archeological proofs or coinage available for knowing Uttarakhand in Harshavardhana period.
The Sanskrit classics ‘Harshacharit’ and ‘Kadambari’ by Banbhatt and travelogue by Hiuen –Tsang (from 629-645) are the main source for knowing Uttarakhand at this age.
Three Administrative Zones in Uttarakhand
According to Hiuen –Tsang, Uttarakhand was divided into three divisions of federal kingdoms under Harshavardhana- Srughana Janapada, Brahmpur Janapada and Govishan Janapada.

Srughana Janapada
In the travelogue, the words ‘Su-lu-kie’ are there. According to Cunningham, that kingdom or Janapada is Srughana. Waters doubted to theme of Cunningham. According to Smith, Srughana Janapada was extended up to north-east Ambala; Northern Saharanpur; Dehradun, nearby northern hilly kingdoms above Dehradun,. That means Srughana Janapada was from Sahranpur, Ambala to Bandarpunch, and valleys of Rupi, Supin, Pbar, Tons, Girinadi and Yamuna and west part of Ganga from Devprayag to Bawar.

Brhampur Janapada

The word Po-lo-mo of travelogue is called Brahmpur. There is no agreement about the territory of Brahmpur. It is guessed that Brahmpur was today’s five districts of Garhwal and Pithoragarh, Almora, some part of Nainital (till Kaliganga) of Kumaon region.

Govishan Janapada

It is believed by studying the travelogue of to Hiuen –Tsang that Govishan Janpada was at plains of Kumaon –Khasipur including Rampur and Pilibhit. That was extended to middle valleys of Ramganga and Sharda-Ghaghra.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 21/06/2013
The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand) to be continued… Part -79

Historical Aspects of Kumaon, Garhwal, Haridwar (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Era to be continued..

References:
1-Jayswal, K.P., Andhkaryugin Bharat
2-Shiv Prasad Dabra, ‘Charan’, 1968, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Bhag –1 and 3
3-Rahul Sankrityayan , Garhwal
4-Dinesh Saklani, 1998, Ancient Communities of the Himalayas
7-Arun Kumar Mishra, 1992, The Trading Communities in Ancient India:
8- Indian Archeology Review, 1968-69
12-Thapliyal, K.K, 1984, Inscriptions of Maukharis, Late Guptas, Pushyabhutis and Yashovarman of Kanauj
13-Uma Prasad Thapliyal, 2005, Uttaranchal: Historical and Cultural Prospective (Page 29, about Authority of Maukharis on Uttarakhand and Haridwar)
14-.Tripathi, R.S., History of Kanauj
15-Encyclopedia of Ancient Indian Geography Kashi-Z, Volume-2; Edited by Subodh Kapoor, 2002, page 459-460
16-Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, Doon Valley Down the Ages, page 33
17-Kamboj, B.P.,2003, Early Wall Painting of Garhwal, page 20
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Brief notes on History Aspects of Kumaon, Garhwal, Haridwar (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Era; History Features of Pithoragarh, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana time; History phases of Champawat, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Era; History characteristic of Bageshwar Kumaon (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana age; History parts of Almora, Kumaon (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana period; History feature of Nainital Kumaon (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Era; History Aspects of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Era; History Aspects of Dehradun, Garhwal (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Era; History characteristic of Haridwar, ancient Garhwal (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana Era; History features of Uttarkashi Garhwal (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana epoch; History Aspects of Tehri Garhwal (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana period; History portion of Chamoli Garhwal (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana period; History piece of Rudraprayag, Garhwal (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana time; History Aspects of Pauri Garhwal (Uttarakhand) in Harshavardhana period

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