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Sep
27

Characteristics of Gyan Chandra /Gyanchand a Champawat, Kumaon King of Middle Age Himalayan Indian King

Characteristics of Gyan Chandra /Gyanchand a Champawat, Kumaon King of Middle Age Himalayan Indian King

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)
(History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) – Part 154

By: Bhishma Kukreti

The folklore state Gyanchandra as ‘Champawat ka Raja Guru Gyanchandra’. Here, ‘Guru’ word does not mean a learned person but ‘Guru Ghantal’ that means cunning, user of Mantra-Tantra and having deceptive character.
Guru Gyanchandra used to take pleasures from Sheep-fight, wrestling, archery competition, sword competition etc. The wrestlers from plains used to visit Champawat and Gyanchandra used to arrange fights between his wrestlers and wrestlers from outside.
It seems that over all still Gyanchandra used to pay tribute to Doti Katyuri king. In late stage, Gyanchandra took title of ‘Maharaja’ (means free king).
Folklores declare that Gyanchandra was cruel king. Thorchandra and others used to exploit the sub rulers and people. Same was the case with Gyanchandra.
Gyanchandra had an army of spy. As soon as spies used to inform him, Gyanchandra used punish people without listening them.
Gyanchandra used to punish his own officers and used to punish family members of his officers as Gyanchandra punished his commander Nalu and his family.

One of folklore states that when people came to Gyanchandra for relief from his taxes, he sent his army to suppress the demand. Gyanchandra burnt the village of people’s leader Kunjipal. Gyanchandra lured Kirtipal the brother Kunjipal by money and land and Kirtipal killed his own brother Kunjipal. Wife of Kunjipal was pregnant when Kunjipal was killed by his brother Kirtipal. Wife of Kunjipal had to hide for many years for her child protection. When as per promise by Gyanchandra, Kirtipal went to get his reward from Gyanchandra; the king left man eater dogs on Kirtipal. Kirtipal jumped into river for saving his life from dogs.
In his young age Kshetrapal son of Kunjipal led the people (Praja-subject) cause. Kshetrapal attacked on palace of Gyanchandra. There were hundreds of soldiers to protect the palace. Kshetrapal killed all soldiers and king Gyanchandra. Kshetrapal took the head of his father that was hung in palace by Gyanchandra for so many years. Folklore states that Kshetrapal also took forcefully Lilawati the daughter of Gyanchandra and made him his wife.
The king was so cruel and indifferent to his subjects that his own people killed Gyanchandra. Gyanchandra was killed by his subject in 1419 or 1420AD.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 25/9/2013

References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
Devidas Kaysth, Itihas Kumaon Pradesh
Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
Atkinson, History of District Gazette
Menhadi Husain, Tuglak Dynasty
Malfujat- E Timuri
Tarikh -e-Mubarakshahi vol 4
Kumar Suresh Singh2005, People of India
Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
Mahajan V.D.1991, History of Medieval India
Majumdar R.C. (edited) 2006, The Sultanate

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -155
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
(Middle Himalayan, Indian Medieval Age History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx xxx
Notes on Characteristics of Gyan Chandra /Gyanchand a Champawat, Kumaon King of Middle Age Himalayan Indian King; Characteristics of Chand dynasty kings of Medieval Age Kumaon; Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Champawat, Kumaon; Characteristics of Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Jaspur, Kumaon; Characteristics of Chand dynasty kings of Ashadhgarh, Dada gaon, Kumaon; Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Khetikhan, Kumaon; Chand dynasty kings of Gudamagal Ganv, Kumaon; Characteristics of Chand dynasty kings of Bhabhar, Kumaon; Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Madhuva ki Mal, Kumaon; Characteristics of Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Bahedi, Kumaon; Characteristics of Chand dynasty kings of Kicchha, Kumaon; Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Chorgaliya, Kumaon; Chand dynasty kings of Bankheda, Kumaon; Characteristics of Chand dynasty kings of Thakurdwara Kumaon; Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon; Characteristics of Medieval Age Chand dynasty kings of Kumaon; Chand dynasty kings of kamlekh ganv Champawat Kumaon; Characteristics of Medieval Age History of Katehar/Katehr; History of Sambahl; Medieval Age History aspects of Delhi Sultanate nearby region of Kumaon; Medieval Age History of Taj-ul Mulk entering Kumaon; History of Khijr Khan at the time of Kumaoni king Gyan Chand of Medieval Age

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