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Dec
06

Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/ Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah

Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/ Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah

(History of Kumaon from 1000-1790 AD)

(History of Chand Dynasty Rule in Kumaon)
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar) – Part 208

By: Bhishma Kukreti

In April-May 1745, Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand met Moghul/Mughal/Mugal Emperor Muhammad Shah in Sambhal region. Mogul /Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah started his journey for Delhi from Sambhal on 4th June 1745. Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand met the Moghul Emperor in Gadhmukteshwar and presented him gifts. Moghul /Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah provided the Kumaon king an honor (Khilat) and new order of Jagir (control to rule) of Tarai-Bhabhar (today’s Udham Singh Nagar).
While, returning Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chandra paid visit to the Emperor prime minister Kamruddin Khan in his camp. Kumaon King thanked and showed his gratitude to Kamruddin for his great help.
The camp of Awadh chieftain Nabab Mansur Ali Khan Safdar Jung was nearby to Kamruddin. Kamruddin and Safdar Jung did not see eye to eye with each other. Therefore, Kumaon King did not pay visit to Awadh Nabab. Kumaon King sent gifts for Awadh Nabab though his ambassador Hari Har Pant. Awadh Nabab Safdar Jung felt it as insult

Administration in Tarai-Bhabhar of Kumaon

Doti Kalyan Chandra reached to Tarai-Bhabhar. Kumaon King handed over the administration to capable Shiv Datt Joshi. Kumaon King appointed new officers and retained old officers to for administrating Tarai Bhabhar of Kumaon. He confirmed old Jagirs and provided new Jagirs (land).

Capturing Shiv Datt Joshi by Awadh Nabab Safdar Jung
Before, Shiv Datt Joshi reached Sarbana, the regional commander Teju Gaud of Awadh ruler Safdar Jung captured Sarbana region. Awadh Ruler Safdar Jung took revenge of Kumaon King not visiting him in person in Gadhmukteshwar. Shiv Datt Joshi sent a letter to Awadh ruler Safdar Jung that Sarbana region was under Kumaon and reminded Awadh ruler that even Delhi Emperor also confirmed the control of Kumaon King on Sarbana. Awadh ruler Safdar Jung did not pay attention of message of Shiv Datt Joshi.
Shiv Datt Joshi persuaded the matter many times but Awadh Nabab did not leave his control over Sarbana Pargana.
Shiv Datt Joshi attacked on Awadh army led by Teju Gaud. Teju Gad defeated Shiv Datt Joshi and captured him. Gaud sent Shiv Datt Joshi to Lucknow. Shiv Datt Joshi was in prison of Awadh for one year.
Kumaon king sent his appeal to Delhi Mogul/Mughal Empire. The Emperor sent message to Awadh Nabab. Awadh Nabab freed Sarbana region and Kumaon King got back Sarbana. Awadh Nabab freed Shiv Datt Joshi.
Shiv Datt Joshi tried his best to correct the economical and agriculture system in Tarai and Bhabhar that was lost in past disturbances by Rohilas and Awadh ruler.
Shiv Datt Joshi worked for strengthening the boundaries. Shiv Datt Joshi built forts in Rudrapur and Kashipur. Shiv Datt Joshi kept sufficient army in these forts. Shiv Datt Joshi appointed two separate administrators for Rudrapur and Kashipur regions.
Shiv Datt Joshi handed over the rule of Sarbana, Bilhari and Dhaner Pargana to Barbek jamindar. Shiv Datt Joshi handed over rule of Bhabhar to Lul clan Jameendar (alredy administrating Kali Kumaon). These rulers were supposed to arrange police force themselves. Heti and Mewati were looking after police administration in other region. Joshi reorganized the administration.
When Shiv Datt Joshi visited Almora, Kumaon King Doti Kalyan Chand declared as Jameendar of Tarai –Bhabhar and gifted him many villages in hill and plains of Kumaon as Thati.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti -bckukreti@gmail.com 6/12/2013

References

Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag 10, Kumaon ka Itihas 1000-1790
Badri Datt Pande, 1937, Kumaon ka Itihas, Shri Almora Book Depo Almora
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Katyur ka Itihas, Pundit Ram Datt Tiwari
Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
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Justin Marozzi, 2006, Tamerlane: Sword of Islam
Bakshsingh Nijar, 1968, Punjab under Sultans 1000-1526
The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 13 page 52
Bhakt Darshan, Gadhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
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Rizvi, Uttar Taimur Kalin Bharat
Tarikhe Daudi
Vishweshara nand , Bharat Bharti lekhmala
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)

History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -208
History of Kumaon (1000-1790) to be continued….
Himalayan, Indian History of Chand Dynasty rule in Kumaon to be continued…
(Himalayan, Indian History (740-1790 AD to be continued…)
Xx
Notes on History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/ Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Kashipur Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Rudrapur,Tarai-Bhabhar from Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Sarbana, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Bilhari Tarai-Bhabhar from Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Dhaner, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Bajpur, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Barakhera, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Chakarpur, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Gularbhoj, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Kicchha ,Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Gosulaun, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Bichhva, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Lalpatti, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah; History of Kumaon King Getting Back Control over Sitarganj, Tarai-Bhabhar from Mughal/Mogul Emperor Muhammad Shah;

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