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Feb
04

Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Hardwar

Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Hardwar

History of Garhwal (1223- 1804 AD) –part -13

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -258

By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

Tomar are Rajput, Gujjar clan. Tomar clan is one of the famous ancient ruling communities of North India. They are Chandravanshi. Tomar name is mentioned in Sanskrit books and rock inscriptions. However, in Hindi and Rajasthani literature, there are many names for Tomar as Tumbar, Tunwar, Tunar, or Tanwar. Tor and Tur are also mentioned for Tunwar. There is a fort called Munvar Tur fort on Kotdwara –Nazibabad road. Most probably, Munvar Tomar was ruler of the fort. Bhim Singh Dahiya states that there is mention of Tomar in Vayu Puran, Brahmadn Puran and Vishnu Puran.

Original Land of Tomar

Study of Mahabharata (Bhishma Parva, VI, 10:68) states that the original land of Tomar was Himalayan foot hills. Tomar are called descendent of Arjun. It is believed that from foot hills of Himachal, Tomar tribes extended towards south of Sarswati valley or Sirmaur region. By tenth century, Tomar were ruling over Thaneshwar, Karnal, that is western part of Yamuna. Most probably, Tomar were ruling eastern part of Yamuna (part of Dehradun and partially Haridwar too.
Chand Ray was ruling over east of Yamuna-Sarva or Sarsava around tenth century. He was ruling over Dehradun and hills of Shivalik region. It is not definite that Chand Ray had any relationship with Tomar of Thaneshwar.

Extension of Tomar Rule in Garhwal and Hardwar

King Bhoj and Mahendrapal were ruling respectively over Haryana or Thaneshwar region before tenth century. Mahendra Pal died in 908 AD. The successors of Mahendra Pal were weak rulers and Tomar family those were regional rulers under Mahendra Pal became rulers of Haryana region after 908 AD.
Tomar extended their rules hills of Shivalik and to Dehradun, Haridwar, and south plains of Garhwal- Bhabhar up to west of Ram Ganga. Tomar also ruled on Haridwar on that period.
There are following villages of Haridwar district famous for Tomar –
Bahadurpur Jat
Jhabiran
Dahiyaki
Thithiki Quavadpur
Rurkee
Harjauli
Theses villages show that sometime, Tomar ruled over Haridwar too. In tenth century, Tomar were ruling present Meerut and Rohilkhand commissaries of Uttar Pradesh.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 4/2//2014
References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Ddahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -259
Xx
Notes on History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Haridwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Dehradun Garhwal and Haridwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Bhabhar Garhwal and Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Jaunsar Bhabhar Garhwal and Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Rishikesh Garhwal and Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Chandighat Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Bahadurpur Jat
Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Rurkee Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Jhabiran Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Dahiyaki Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Thithiki Quavadpur Hardwar; History of Origin of Tomar Clan in Context of History of Garhwal and Harjauli Hardwar;

  • MAN SINGH

    BHAI TUME JO YEH GAAV LIKHE HAI YEH JAT TOMAR KE HAI OR GURJAR RAJPUT TOMAR KE NAHI JABI TUM NE SHURU M SIRF RAJPUT OR GURJARO KOTOMAR LIKHA HAI OR BIJNOR ME TOMAR JAT K 100 S JYADA GAAV HAI AAJ BHI

  • Tanwar history
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