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Feb
07

Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings?

Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective

History of Garhwal (1223- 1804 AD) –part -16

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -261

By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

History of King Anangpal Tomar 3rd in context Garhwal

King Mahipal Tomar was strong and famous Tomar King of Dhilli/Dhillika or Delhi. The prosperity and fame continued till Anangpal Tomar 3rd. Anangpal 3rd was famous for his bravery, strength and prosperity (Hindi Viashwa Kosh vol 5, page 430).
The Rajput Kings of other parts were jealous by prosperity and strength of Dhillika Tomar Kingdom. Chauhman of Sakmabhari-Ajmer and other Kings started destroying Tomar Kingdom by all means. Due to continuous attacks from Rajput Kings from other territories, Anangpal 3rd did treaty with the heirs of Mahmud Ghazni of Lahore. Anangpal did not stop defending or attacking nearby Rajput Kingdoms.

Rule of Chauhman or Chauhan on Dhillika or Delhi

Knowing the treaty of Dhillika Kingdom with Ghazni of Lahore, Chauhman Kings became unhappy. Chauhman King Beesaldev 3rd (Vigrahraj) in 1151 attacked on Tomar Kingdom Dhillika or Delhi and captured Delhi. From that time, Tomar started working as regional commanders under Chauhan Kings around western Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Delhi etc. The Tomar folklore state that Chauhman deceived Tomar in capturing Delhi.
Muhammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192. Tomar accepted Ghori as King and they became regional commanders of Muhammad Ghori.
Perhaps, Prithviraj Chauhan appointed Chauhan commanders in place of Tomar commanders as regional commanders in Haryana, part of western Uttar Pradesh and south of Garhwal (Bhabhar, Haridwar and Dehradun). There are folklores about Chauhan commanders or chieftains of Garhi in Garhwal. However, there is no folklore about Tomar chieftain in Garhwal.
Tomar chieftains became chieftains of Muslim rulers.
Around from tenth century to twelfth century, few Tomar families migrated to Garhwal from plains of India or from either western Uttar Pradesh or Delhi (Maithani in, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika page 86-88).
Butola Rawat, Narvani Rawat, Khati Gusain and Patwal Gusain call them the descendents of Tomar Gotra. However, less is known about period of Tomar families migrating to Garhwal from plains of India.
Though, it is said that Butola Rawat came to Garhwal around 744.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 7/2//2014
References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -262
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Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Chamoli Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Rudraprayag Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Tehri Garhwal the Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Uttarkashi Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Dehradun Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Haridwar Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Pauri Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of Bhabhar Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective; Are Butola Rawat, Narwani Rawat, Patwal Gusain and Khati Gusain of South Garhwal Descendents of Delhi Tomar Kings? : A Historical Perspective;

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