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Mar
06

History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Dehradun Region including Haridwar

History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Dehradun Region including Haridwar

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -35

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -280

By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

In mid of eleventh century, Tomar captured the east and west valleys of Dehradun or south Garhwal region including Haridwar. The said to be period is supposed to be peaceful and calm period of Garhwal including Haridwar. After sixty years of the defeat of Chand Rai, Muslim invaders attacked South Garhwal (including Haridwar).
Ibrahim the grandson of Mahmud got the Ghazni Kingdom in 1059. The forts of Sarhind, Jalandhar, Agra, and Budhiya were won In Ibrahim period. The historians wrote that Ibrahim attacked a place called Dera, Derapur of North India and one lakh Fire worshippers were captured there. .

Geographical Situation of Dera or Derapur

According to Muslim historians, before, winning Derapur or Dera, Ibrahim won a fort called Damal that was situated on top of hill. The river was flowing on one side of fort and spiky forest was on other side of fort. After winning Damal, Ibrahim won another territory Derapur (described in Tarikh-i-Alfi) or Dera (Described by Farista) that was never won or seen before. There was pond in Derapur that never dried.
Is Dera or Derapur as Dehradun?

The court poet of Ibrahim described that Ibrahim won Budhiya fort and then won Derapur. It seems Derapur of Ibrahim period is of today’s Dehradun. The geographical situations described by court poet resemble with Dehradun. Only never drying lake or pond does not support the theory that Dera /Derapur of Ibrahim period Dehradun. However, Williams comments on the comments of Elliot that there might be lake in Dehradun of past. Dr. Dabral provided proofs of many lakes in Dehradun and Bhabhar of pat time. The capturing of one lakh people seems to be exaggerated figure.
It is not sure that Dera name was famous in eleventh century for Dehradun. Before Mogul era, there is no record of Dera word for Dehradun. Dehradun was more famous by name Shivalik or Sirmaur. There is no doubt that fire worshippers were living in Dehradun at the time of Ibrahim in eleventh century.
However, historically, less is known about political scenario of Dehradun in eleventh century.

**History of Muslim Attacks on Garhwal, Dehradun, Haridwar to be continued …
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 5/3//2014
References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -281
Notes on Early Medieval History of Garhwal; Early Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal; Early Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal; Early Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; Early Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal; Early Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; Early Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal; Early Medieval History of Haridwar ; Early Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar; Early Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ; Early Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; History of Haridwar district to be continued…
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History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal); History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Jaunsar, Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal); History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Gadhi Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal); History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Sahaspur, Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal); History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Ranipokari , Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal); History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Danadlakhaund Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal); History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Veerbhadra, Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal); History of Disturbances by Muslim Attackers in Dehradun Region including Haridwar (Garhwal);

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