Nov
18

Epic Age of India: a brief discussion

Epic Age of India: a brief discussion
Plant and Plant Science in Epic Age of India – 1
BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent – 23
By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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Aryans created Ramayana and Mahabharata Sanskrit epics (1). Ramayana is the oldest, popular and idealistic epic. Mahabharata is realistic than Ramayana. Ramayana is about Rama and Ayodhya, Ravana and Lanka.. Mahabharata is about internal fights between two cousins Pandavas and Kauravas. In Mahabharata, there are other thousands of stories and Mahabharata also deals with Sankhya Yoga, Neeti, Public administration etc..
As far as Ramayana is concerned geographical territory is limited towards south to Vindhya shrines. Mahabharata deals all across India.
The age of both the epics is after Vedas creation and before Buddhist religion was born .
According to Pargitar, Mahabharata war was fought around or before 950BC (2).
The opinion of Dr. Winternitzs is that Ramayana (by Valmiki) was created around 300B.C.. (2)
Mahabharata was edited and compiled for many centuries till Gupta period.
We have huge knowledge plants and applied plant science about the time Mahabharata and Ramayana was created
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References
1-Mahajan, V.D. 1998 Ancient India, S. Chand & Company, Delhi, Pp 147
2 Mahajan, V.D. 1998 Ancient India , S Chand & Company, Delhi, Pp 149

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter

Nov
18

चबोड्या / चखन्योर्या /  तून  दिँदेर   अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोश B  – 13 

चबोड्या / चखन्योर्या / तून दिँदेर अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोश B – 13

(गढ़वाली व्यंग्य /ताना देता शब्दकोश )

अनुवाद अर संकलन – भीष्म घपरोळया
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Chairman , अध्यक्ष = लाखों /हजारों रुप्या दान देकि पै सकदा
Champion, चैम्पियन =आज तुम मादे भौत सा छन किंतु असलियत म नि छंवां
Chapter, अध्याय , – कॉलेज म बड़ो लम्बो
Character, गुण ,=- गलतफहमी म लोक व्यक्तित्व तै गुण समजदन
Charity, दान = बुले जांद बल घर से शुरू हूंद। कुज्याण कुज्याण !
Cheap, सस्तो = मानव श्रम
Chew, चबाण = मुख बंद हो तो काम हूंद
Child, बच्चा = एक छुट व्यक्ति जैक सफलता पर जळणो जगा उत्साहित करण चयेंद
Childish, =बचकाना = अधिकांश प्रौढ़
China, चीन = सरा दुन्या जैकुण कमाणि च

कॉपीराइट ? चुरायुं माल च। क्यांक कॉपीराइट ?
पर अनुवाद copyright – भीष्म कुकरेती
पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; देहरादून गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; Garhwali Jokes from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Satire, Jokes from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Sarcasm , Sarcastic Jokes from Uttarkashi Garhwal ; Garhwali Jokes from Haridwar, Uttarakhan

Nov
16

Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature

Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature
Botany History of Vedic Literature in India – 8
BOTANY History of Indian Subcontinent – 22
By: Bhishma Kukreti M.Sc. {(Botany), B.Sc. (Honours in Botany), Medical Tourism Historian)}
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As per dictionary of Forestry, “Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources for human and environmental benefits”. (dictionaryofforest.com)
There is notion that Forestry science and practices started in Western Europe and North America (1). However, the reality is that the Vedas discussed principals of forest sustainable management and forest conservation long before the Christ was born.
In Behavioural term, Indian culture teaches the attitude for gratitude towards every components of nature that helps the human beings.
Forest sustainability is part of Indian life from the early civilization days as cited in Atharvaveda (12.1.11) and guide us to protect ecosystem by conserving forests –
“O Earth! Pleasant by thy hills, snow clad mountains and forests, O numerous coloured, firm and protected earth. On this earth I stand undefeated, unslain,, unhurt.”
Another Atharvaveda (12.1.12) discusses about the valuables on the earth-
“The treasures of minerals and other elements that provide vigour indwell in your naval part; Offer these to us. Your land and clouds enshowering upon it nature us like a mother and father. May the shelter of these purity and strengthen us”
The Vedic rishi called earth as parents as Atharvaveda (12.1.35) cites –
“Whatever I dig from you, O Earth! May that have quick regeneration again; may we do not damage thy vital habitat and heart.”

The above two hymens tell us that in Vedic period the human beings well understood the importance of forests, forest produces, economy from forests and importance of forest protection (Ecology) . That is clear the Vedic People were well aware about forestry and forest protection.
Prime (2) details “The Vedic tradition affirms that every village will be complete when certain types of forest plants (Mahvana, shrivan and Tapovan) are preserved around the territory.
Therefore, it implies sure that there was system for forest conservation, forest management and forest exploitation together in Vedic Period
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References
1-Lewis J.G, 2005, The Forest Service and the Greatest Good, Forest History Society, Durham, North Carolina, USA, Pp286
2-Prime , R., 2002, Vedic Ecology, Practical Wisdom for surviving the 21st century, Mandala Publishing group, Novato, California Pp 157
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, bckukreti@gmail.com , Mumbai India, 2019
HISTORY of BOTANY in Indian Subcontinent will be continued in next chapter -23
Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Andhra Pradesh India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Assam, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Bihar, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Chhattisgarh , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Goa, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Gujarat, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Haryana , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Himachal Pradesh , India, Asia; ; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Jammu Kashmir , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Jharkhand ,India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Karnataka, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Kerala, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Madhya Pradesh India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Maharashtra , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Manipur, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Meghalaya, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Mizoram , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Nagaland, India, Asia; ; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Odisha, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Punjab, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Rajasthan , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Sikkim, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Tamil Nadu, India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Telangana , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Tripura , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Uttarakhand (U.K.) , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Uttar Pradesh , India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of West Bengal ,India, Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of , Myanmar , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of , Bangladesh , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Pakistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Baluchistan , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Nepal , Indian subcontinent , Asia; Forestry , Ecology in Vedic Literature , History of Botany of Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent , Asia;

Nov
16

बोड्या/चखन्योर्या / तून दिँदेर अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोश B – 11

बोड्या/चखन्योर्या / तून दिँदेर अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोश B – 11

गढ़वाली  व्यंगात्मक शब्दकोश
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अनुवाद अर संकलन – भीष्म घपरोळया
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Calisthenics, व्यायाम – स्कूलम पांच मिनटो कारनामा जां से म्वाट बच्चा पतुळ त नि हूंद हां पतुळ हूणो सुपिन दिखण लाइक जरूर ह्वे जांद
Cancer, कैंसर – जै तै रुके सक्यांद पर निरोग नि करे सक्यांद
Capacity, योग्यता , शक्ति – कुछ मामलों म क्वी एकाद बढ़ाई लीन्दो
Capital, राजधानी – जख पर्दा पैथर ऐथर से अधिक कार्यकलाप ह्वावन
Captain, पाणी जाजो कप्तान – जाज बरोबर ही महत्वपूर्ण
Captive,बंदी , दास – बंदी बणाण वळ जथगा इ महत्वपूर्ण
Carat , कैरट , सोना गुण बथाणो इकाई – लोक प्रेम तै ऐसे तुलदन (मि ना )
Career,आजीविका – ब्यौ से महत्वपूर्ण किलैकि ये का हिसाबन जीवन संगी मिल्दो
Cash, काश – सब कुछ
Caste, जाति – जाति अर्थ तो जाणि द्यावो जरा वेक नाम तो बथावो जैन जाति पवाण (शुरवात ) लगाई

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कॉपीराइट ? चुरायुं माल च। क्यांक कॉपीराइट ?
पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; देहरादून गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; Garhwali Jokes from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Uttarkashi Garhwal ; Garhwali Jokes from Haridwar, Uttarakhand

Nov
15

चबोड्या/चखन्योर्या / व्यंग्यात्मक (तून दिँदेर ) अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोश B – 10

चबोड्या/चखन्योर्या / व्यंग्यात्मक (तून दिँदेर ) अंग्रेजी -गढ़वळि शब्दकोश B – 10

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अनुवाद अर संकलन – भीष्म घपरोळया
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Cable, Dish TV, केबल – बेकार , अनावश्यक कमर्शियल विज्ञापनों कुण पैसा बर्बाद करण
Cafeteria , कैफटेरिया , जख दुनिया को सबसे निसवादी खाणो मिल्दो
Calculator, कैलकुलेटर – दिमाग से गणित करणो अधोगति /पतन
Calorie,कैलोरी – जु तुम तै विश्वास च बल कैलोरी वजन कम करणो कुंजी च तो तुम गलतफहमी म छावो
Camera, कैमरा – जबि जरूरत हो तो नि मिल्दो
Camp,कैम्प – बच्चो तै अफु से दूर रखणो एक सभ्य तरीका
Campaign ,कैम्पियन , अभियान (युद्ध , आंदोलन, विज्ञापन अभियान )- तुमर इ टैक्स का पैसों से तुम तै कुछ बताण
Candy, कैंडी – बच्चों का भोजन का बड़ो किन्तु उयाद हिस्सा
Cap,कैप , टोपी – Once upon a time , मोहनजोदाड़ो संस्कृति की याद
Capable, योग्य – एक गलतफहमी

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कॉपीराइट ? चुरायुं माल च। क्यांक कॉपीराइट ?
पौड़ी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; चमोली गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; टिहरी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; देहरादून गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; हरिद्वार गढ़वाल से गढ़वाली हास्य- जोक्स , हास्य ; Garhwali Jokes from Pauri Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Chamoli Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Rudraprayag Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Tehri Garhwal; Garhwali Jokes from Uttarkashi Garhwal ; Garhwali Jokes from Haridwar, Uttarakhand

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